Findings on happiness in Paul & Guilbert (2013): study AU 2001

Author(s)Paul, S.; Guilbert, D.
TitleIncome-Happiness Paradox in Australia: Testing the Theories of Adaptation and Social Comparison.
SourceEconomic Modeling, 2013, Vol. 30, 900 - 910
Public18+ aged general public, Australia, followed 4 years 2001-2005
Last assesment2005
Survey nameAU-HILDA combined waves
 HILDA 2001-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =8530
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life? Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are. 0 totally dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 totally satisfied
Page in publication901
RemarksMean: - 2001: 7.99 - 2002: 7.91 - 2003: 7.98 - 2004: 7.95 - 2005: 7.89
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Educational degreeE01ab02Level of school-education
Employment statusE02ab04Not in labour force
Employment statusE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Health statusH14ab02Self-perceived health
IncomeI01aa01aEarlier level of income
IncomeI01ab01Personal income, also classified as above ↑
IndiginousE04ab03aEthnic status in Australia
Living in cityL14ab02bRural vs urban dwelling
Marital statusM02aa01Married vs never married
Marital status parentsF01ab02Number of parents (broken home)
Reference incomeI01ae04Relative to similar people
Trend in AustraliaE03ab01aTrend in general public
VolunteeringS07ab03Voluntary work
Work hoursE02ad02Hours work