Findings on happiness in Bjornskov (2006): study ZZ 1990

Author(s)Bjornskov, C.
TitleThe Multiple Facets of Social Capital.
SourceEuropeaen Journal of Political Economy, 2006, Vol. 22, 22 - 40
Public18+ aged, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2001
 Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, iIeland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Korea (South), Latvia, Lithunia, Luxem-bourg, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, North Ireland, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Singapore, Slowakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, USA, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Survey nameNot available
 World Value Surveys 1990-1991; 1995-1997; 1999-2001
SampleMixed samples
 Non-probability sample of nations, probability samples within nations
Respondents N =800000
 Sample sizes vary between 1000 and 2000 per nation
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarks.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication26
RemarksHappiness in nations expressed in % happy (score 8, 9 or 10) Range in these 80 nations: 9,55% to 77,68%, Mean: 42,22% SD: 19,86,
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Associational activityN14ab03cSocial cohesion in nation
GDP per capitaN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
InflationN04ab06Inflation in nation
Putmans instrumentN14ab03cSocial cohesion in nation
Quality of governmentN12ab07Quality of government in nation
Social/average normsN11ab22Honesty in nation
Social/generalised trustN11ab31aTrust in fellow-man in nation
Summed national characteristicsN14ab09Summed nation characteristics
Trade opennessN04ab07Openness of economy in nation