Findings on happiness in Bruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990

Author(s)Bruni, L.; Stanca, L.
TitleWatching Alone: Relational Goods, Television and Happiness.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2006, Vol. 30, 1 - 23
PublicAdults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
 About 85% of the world's population
Survey nameNot available
 World Values Survey (WVS), waves 2 (1990/91), 3 (1995/97) and 4 (2000/04)0
SampleMixed samples
 Non-probability sample of nations, probability samples within nations
Respondents N =259947
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication7
RemarksIn report expressed on scale 10-100: Mean 66.39 (S.D. 24.85)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.49

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Active in voluntary organizationS07ab03Voluntary work
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
HealthH14ab02Self-perceived health
HonestyN11ab22Honesty in nation
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
MaleG01aaSex (male vs female)
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Member of voluntary organizationS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
Relational timeS06abCurrent contacts
Relational timeT01adCurrent time-usage, also classified as above ↑
Religion importantR12af01Concern about religion
TrustT04ab02Trust in people
TrustP05diTrusting, also classified as above ↑
UnemployedE02aeCurrent employment arrangement
Voluntary activitiesS12ab01aActive involvement in sports
Voluntary activitiesC14ab02Active participation, also classified as above ↑
Voluntary activitiesA02abCurrent activity pattern, also classified as above ↑
Voluntary activitiesR12ad02Participation in church, also classified as above ↑
Voluntary activitiesP09ab02Political participation , also classified as above ↑
Voluntary activitiesS07ab03Voluntary work, also classified as above ↑