Findings on happiness in Bjornskov et al. (2008b): study ZZ EU 15 1973

Author(s)Bjornskov, C.; Datta Gupta, N.; Pedersen, P.J.
TitleAnalysing Trends in Subjective Well-Being in 15 European Countries, 1973 - 2002.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2008, Vol. 9, 317 - 330
Public16+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1973-2002.
 Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 Non-probability sample of nations, probability samples within nations.
Respondents N =250000
 Sample sizes vary between 1000 and 2000 per survey
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead? 4 very satisfied 3 fairly satisfied 2 not very satisfied 1 not at all satisfied - Don't know
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication320-322
RemarksMean in autumn 2002 3,05. Range 3,61(Denmark) to 2,52 (Portugal) Changes estimated in 158 overlapping 4-year-trends between 1972 and 2002. Average trend +0,06; sd 1,46. Range: - 4,48 (Belgium 1978-82) to + 3,86 (Ireland 1988-92)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.28

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Change in government consumption, absolute and relativeN12ab08aGovernment consumption
Change in government consumption, absolute and relativeN12ab08Size of government, also classified as above ↑
Change in life expectancy, absolute and relativeN09ab01acLife-expectancy in the nation
GDP-change in same period, absolute and relativeN04aa02aEconomic growth/decline in nation