Findings on happiness in Veenhoven (2005): study ZZ 1990

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.
TitleApparent Quality-of-Life in Nations: How Long and Happy People Live.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 61 - 86
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-004-8014-2
PublicAdults, general public, 67 nations, 1990s
 Argentinia, Armenia, Australia, Azerbajjan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bosnia, Brazil, Bulgary, Chili, China, Colombia, Croatia, Dominican Rep., Estonia, Finland, Germany, Ghana, Georgia, West Germany, East Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, India, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldavia, Montenegro, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Puero Rico, Russia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela, USA
Survey nameNot available
 Data on both happiness in nations and further nation characteristics taken from: World Database of Happiness, States of Nations.
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
 Non probability sample of nations, probability samples within nations
Respondents N =100000
 Estimate: sample sizes range from 1000 to 2000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textHappy Life Years Life-expectancy in nations multiplied by 0-1 average happiness as assessed with survey questions type O-HL
Author's labelHappy-life-years
Page in publication73
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
CorruptionN07ab01Corruption in nation
Discrimination of womenN14ab02cGender inequality (women emancipation) in nation
Disparity in happinessN14ab02haInequality in happiness in nation
Disparity in happinessH05abInequality of happiness in nations, also classified as above ↑
Disparity in incomesN14ab02dIncome inequality in nation
Economic freedomN14ab01cEconomic freedom in nation
Economic freedomN04ab11Socio-economic regime in the nation, also classified as above ↑
Personal freedomN14ab01aPrivate freedom in nations
Political freedomN12NATION: POLITICS
Political freedomN14ab01bPolitical freedom in nation, also classified as above ↑
Purchasing power per headN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
Respect of civil rightsN07ab03Human-rights protection in nation
Respect of civil rightsN14ab01bPolitical freedom in nation, also classified as above ↑
Social SecurityN04ab11ceSocial security in nation
ToleranceN14ab07aaAttitudes to ethnic relations in nation
Trend in happy life years 1948-1998E03ab01aTrend in general public
Trust in compatriotsN11ab31aTrust in fellow-man in nation
Voluntary workN14ab03cSocial cohesion in nation