Findings on happiness in Graham et al. (2004): study RU 1995

Author(s)Graham, C.; Eggers, A.; Sukhtankar, S.
TitleDoes Happiness Pay? An Exploration Based on Panel Data from Russia.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2004, Vol. 55, 319 - 342
Public10+ aged, general public, Russia, 1995-2000
Last assesment2000
 T1: 1995, T2: 2000
Survey nameNot available
 Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) is a nationally representative panel study for Russia, carried out in collaboration with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill that covers an average of almost 13.000 Russians from the year 199
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Respondents N =5269
Non ResponseNot available
 Panel attrition unaffected by age, education, income, gender, marital status and happiness
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? 5 very satisfied 4 satisfied 3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 2 dissatisfied 1 very dissatisfied - don't know - no answers Numerical scale reversed
Author's labelSubjective well-being
Page in publication320-3
RemarksT1 (1995) M=2,21; SD=1,06; T2 (2000): M=2,36; SD=1,08
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.08

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Change in educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Change in employmentE02aaDevelopment of one's employment
Change in happiness 1995-2000E03ab01bdTrend happiness in employment categories
Change in happiness 1995-2000E03ab01biTrend happiness in income groups, also classified as above ↑
Change in happiness 1995-2000E03ab01bjTrend happiness marrital categories, also classified as above ↑
Change in happiness 1995-2000E03ab01aTrend in general public, also classified as above ↑
Change in happiness 1995-2000E03ab01bTrend in special publics, also classified as above ↑
Change in health problemsH14aa02Change in physical health
Change in level of drinkingS13aa02Change in use of stimulants
Change in marital statusM01abRecent change in marital status
Change in marital statusM01ab02aRecent divorce/separation, also classified as above ↑
Change in marital statusM01ab01bRecent marriage, also classified as above ↑
Change in retirementR14aa02Change in retirement status
Change in schoolingE01aa02Change in education
Change in schoolingS01aa02bChange in school-environment, also classified as above ↑
Change in smokingS13aa02Change in use of stimulants
Earlier happinessH04ab01bPast happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
Education levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Effects of determinants on happinessS15ab03Socio-demographic + health
Health problemsH14ab03Symptoms of bad health
HousewifeO01abCurrent occupation
HousewifeE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Later incomeI01aa03aLater level of income
Log equivalence incomeI01ab03Household income
MaleG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital statusM02aa01Married vs never married
MinorityE04ab03mEthnic status in Russia
Panel attritionI06ac02Panel-dropout
RetiredR14abCurrent status: retired or not
Self-employedE02ae03Self employed
StudentS01ac01aInvolved in schooling or not
Summed effects of changes in the determinantsL05abCurrent life-change (assessed by follow up)
Summed effects of changes in the determinantsS15aa02Summed effects of changes in life, also classified as above ↑
UnemployedE02ab03Unemployed involuntary