Findings on happiness in Lewis & Joseph (1996): study GB 1994

Author(s)Lewis, C.A.; Joseph, S.
TitleConvergent Validity of the Depression-Happiness Scale with the Crown-Crisp Experiental Index.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1996, Vol. 78, 497 - 498
PublicUniversity Students, UK, 1994
 University of Essex (11 woman and 2 men) University of Ulster at Coleraine(26 woman and 1 man)
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =40
Non Response0
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 25 questions: A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week. A I felt sad B I felt I had failed as a person C I felt dissatisfied with my life D I felt mentally alert E I felt disappointed with myself F I felt cheerful G I felt life wasn't worth living H I felt satisfied with my life I I felt healthy J I felt life crying K I felt I had been successful L I felt happy M I felt I couldn't make decisions N I felt unattractive O I felt optimistic about the future P I felt life was rewording Q I felt cheerless R I felt life has a purpose S I felt too tired to do anything T I felt pleased with the way I am U I felt lethargic V I found it easy to make decisions W I felt life was enjoyable X I felt life was meaningless Y I felt run down Answer options: 0 never 1 rarely 2 sometimes 3 often Negative affect score (NAS): A, B, C, E, G, J, M, N, Q, S, U, X, Y. Positive affect score (PAS): D, F, H, I, K, L, O, P, R, T, V, W. Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS + 39 Name: McGreal & Joseph 'Depression-Happiness Scale' (DHS)
Author's labelDepression-Happiness Scale
Page in publication498
RemarksRange ABS: 17-74
Error estimatesCronbach alpha: .94
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 75On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation13.00

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
DepressionH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33), also classified as above ↑
DepressionM15ac04bFeeling down (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Free floating anxietyP05afAnxious
Free floating anxietyH13ac05aAnxious (f40), also classified as above ↑
Free floating anxietyM15ac11Feeling secure (vs threatened), also classified as above ↑
HysteriaH13ac11bHysteric (f99), also classified as above ↑
ObsessionalityH13acCurrent specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification), also classified as above ↑
ObsessionalityM15ac15Feeling tranquil (vs restless), also classified as above ↑
Phobic avoidanceP05afAnxious
Phobic avoidanceH13ac03bParanoid (f20-22), also classified as above ↑
Somatic anxietyP05afAnxious
Somatic anxietyH15abCurrent psycho-somatic complaints, also classified as above ↑
Somatic anxietyM15ac11Feeling secure (vs threatened), also classified as above ↑
Somatic anxietyH13ac05bHypochondric (f45.2), also classified as above ↑