Findings on happiness in Snyder & Spreitzer (1974): study US Ohio 1973

Publication
Author(s)Snyder, E.E.; Spreitzer, E.
TitleInvolvement in Sports and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal of Sport Psychology, 1974, Vol. 5, 28 - 39
Investigation
PublicAdults, general public, City of Toledo, Ohio, USA, 1973
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Systematic random sample, using the City Directory of Toledo. 25% suburbans, 75% urbans; 49% females, 51% males; mean age 42; mean number of years of completed education 13.
Respondents N =510
Non Response46%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-u-sq-v-3-a
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean2.105.60
Standard deviation

Scores in123
%13.062.025.0

Full textSelfreport on single question: In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....? 3 completely satisfying 2 pretty satisfying 1 not very satisfying
ClassificationO-SLL-c-sq-v-3-a
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean2.105.60
Standard deviation

Scores in123
%12.066.022.0

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Affective involve ment in sportsS12ac01Perceived usefulness of sports
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Behavioral involve- ment in sportsS12ab01bPassive involvement in sports
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Knowledge about sportsS12ab01bPassive involvement in sports
Little satisfaction received from sportsS12ac02Satisfaction with sporting
Occupational prestigeO01ac01aSocial prestige of occupation
Participation in voluntary associationsS07ab02Attendance to meetings
Playing sportsS12ab01aActive involvement in sports
Reading sports pageS12ab01bPassive involvement in sports
Satisfaction from sportsS12ac02Satisfaction with sporting
Sports seen as a waste of timeS12ac01Perceived usefulness of sports
Sports seen as a wayto relaxS12ac01Perceived usefulness of sports
Sports seen as help against worries and pressures of the dayS12ac01Perceived usefulness of sports
Subscribe/read sports magazinesS12ab01bPassive involvement in sports
Talking about sportsS12ab01bPassive involvement in sports
Watching sportsS12ab01bPassive involvement in sports