Findings on happiness in Ovaska & Takashima (2006): study ZZ 1990

Author(s)Ovaska, T.; Takashima, R.
TitleEconomic Policy and the Level of Self-Perceived Well-Being: An International Comparison.
SourceJournal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 308 - 325
Public18+ aged, general public, 68 nations, 1990-2001.
 Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland,Ffrance, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Korea (South), Latvia, Lithunia, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slowakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, USA, Venezuela, Zimbabwe
Survey nameNot available
 World Values Surveys 2-4
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 Non-probability sample of nations. Probability samples within nations.
Respondents N =120000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy.
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication17
RemarksRange 2,44 - 3,47. Data taken from World Database of Happiness, Collection of Happiness in Nations.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.27

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication17
RemarksRange: 3,95 - 8,31 Data taken from World Database of Happiness, Collection of Happiness in Nations.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.111.23

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AsianN10abCurrent nation of residence
ChristianityN02ab06Value climate in the nation
Economic freedomN14ab01cEconomic freedom in nation
Educational attainmentN02ab02aLiteracy in nation
ExportN04ab07Openness of economy in nation
Female labor participationN14ab02cGender inequality (women emancipation) in nation
GDP growthN04aa02gEconomic growth/decline in nation
GDP per capita (thousands)N04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
GDP per capita of neighborsN13ab08Wealth: relative to neighour countries
Government sizeN12ab08bGovernment expenditures
Government sizeN12ab08Size of government in nation, also classified as above ↑
ImportN04ab07Openness of economy in nation
Inflation rateN04ab06Inflation in nation
IslamN02ab06Value climate in the nation
Life expectancyN09ab01bcLife-expectancy in the nation
Political freedomN14ab01bPolitical freedom in nation
Population agingN03ab05Population composition in nation
Unemployment rateN04ab02bUnemployment in nation