Findings on happiness in Fahey & Smyth (2004a): study ZZ Europe 1999

Author(s)Fahey, A.L.; Smyth, E.
TitleThe Link between Subjective Well-Being and Objective Conditions in European Societies.
SourceArts, W.;Halman, L.;Eds.: ''European Values at the Turn of the Millennium'', Brill, 2004, Boston, USA, 57 - 80
Public18+ aged, general public, 33 European nations, 1999-2000
 Denmark, Malta, Ireland, Iceland, Austria, North Ireland, Finland, Netherlands, Luxembourg, West Germany, Sweden, Belgium, Great Britain, Slovenia, East Germany, Italy, Spain, Czech Republic, Portugal, France, Croatia, Greece, Poland, Slowakia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Romania, Lithunia, Belarus, Russia, Ukraine.
Survey nameNot available
 European Values Study 1999-2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 Non-probability sample of nations. Probability samples within nations.
Respondents N =39799
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publicationp.60
RemarksRange: 4,6 (Ukraine) to 8,2 (Denmark).
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Age at leaving educationE01ab02Level of school-education
Annual average GDP-growth rate 1990-1999N04aa02aEconomic growth/decline in nation
GDP per capita, 4 quartilesN04abCurrent economic condition of the nation
GDP per capita, 4 quartilesN04ab01aGnp per capita (raw), also classified as above ↑
GDP per capita, in dollarsN04ab01aGnp per capita (raw)
Household incomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Income inequalityN14ab01dIncome inequality
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Marital statusM02aa03Married vs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02aa02Married vs widowed, also classified as above ↑
Perceived economic hardshipN04adAttitudes to economy in the nation
Social classO01ab02Kind of occupation (profession)
Standard deviation in life satisfactionN14ab01haInequality in happiness
Standard deviation in life satisfactionH05abInequality of happiness in nations, also classified as above ↑
UnemployedE02abCurrent employment status