Findings on happiness in Böhnke & Kohler (2007): study ZZ EU 27 2003

Author(s)Böhnke, P.; Kohler, U.
TitleDeterminanten des Glücks: Lebenszufriedenheit in Europa. (Determinants of Happiness: Life Satisfaction in Europe).
SourceWSI Mitteillungen, 2007, Vol. 7, 373 - 379
Public18+ aged, general public, 27 EU member states, 2003
 5 groups of nations: Social-democratic: Denmark, Finland, Netherlands, Sweden. Continental: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg. Liberal: United Kingdom, Ireland. Mediterranean: Cyprus, Greece, Malta, Spain, Portugal. Post-communist: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slowak Republic, Slovenia.
Survey nameNot available
 European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS 2003)
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 Non-probability sample of nations. Probability samples within nations.
Respondents N =400000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied 10 very satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 very dissatisfied
Author's labelLife-satisfaction
Page in publication373
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Employment statusI01ad01Own income or not
Employment statusE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusI01ac01`objective` poverty, also classified as above ↑
government effectivenessN12ab07Quality of government in nation
Health situationH14abCurrent general health status
Life-expectancyN09ab01bcLife-expectancy in the nation
Living situationH20ab01Living alone or not
Living situationS10ac02Perceived availability of social support, also classified as above ↑
Living situationL17ab01cSocial contacts in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Social expenditureN04ab11cPublic goods in nation