Findings on happiness in Veenhoven (2001): study ZZ 1990

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.
TitleAre the Russians as Unhappy as They Say They Are? Comparability of Self-Reports Across Nations.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2001, Vol. 2, 111 - 136
PublicAdults, general public, 41 nations, 1990
 Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Britain, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Czecho-Slovakia (former), Denmark, Finland, France, Germany (former West-), Germany (former East-), Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Northern Ireland, New Zealand, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, USA.
 around 1990
Survey nameNot available
 World Database of Happiness. Data on happiness from collection 'Happiness in Nations'. Data on nation characteristics from file 'States of Nations'
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
 Non probability sample of nations, probability samples within nations
Respondents N =50000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksPart of the findings in this publication are based on a meta-analysis of data already available in this World Database of happiness. The 'meta-findings' are not included in this excerpt.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
RemarksFindings based on this measure are not reported in this publication.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Life-expectationN09ab01acLife-expectancy in the nation
Mood levelH07aa02fO-SL by A-AB
Real income per capitaN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
Suicide rateN09ab01beSuicide rate