Findings on happiness in Bjornskov et al. (2007): study ZZ 1997

Author(s)Bjornskov, C.; Dreher, A.; Fischer, J.A.
TitleThe Bigger the Better? Evidence of the Effect of Government Size on Life Satisfaction around the World.
SourcePublic Choice, 2007, Vol. 130, 267 - 292
Public18+ aged, general public, 74 nations, 1997-2001
 Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, iIeland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Korea (South), Latvia, Lithunia, Luxem-bourg, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, North Ireland, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Singapore, Slowakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, USA, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Survey nameWorldValuesSurvey 3
 pooled samples
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 Non-probability sample of nations. Probability samples within nations
Respondents N =120000
 Sample size varies between 1000 and 2000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's label % satisfied.
Page in publication 9
RemarksReported as % happy in nation (score 8, 9 or 10). Range: 10% - 78%. Average: 43%
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Government ConsumptionN12ab08aGovernment consumption in nation
Government ConsumptionN12NATION: POLITICS, also classified as above ↑
IncomeI01aeRelative income
Investment priceN04abCurrent economic condition of the nation
log GDP per capitaN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
OpennessN04ab07Openness of economy in nation
Post-communistE03abAverage happiness in era
Post-communistN12NATION: POLITICS, also classified as above ↑
rightwing (vs left)V02ab01Political values
social trustN11ab31aTrust in fellow-man in nation
Summed nation characteristicsN14ab09Summed nation characteristics