Findings on happiness in Clark (2015): study DE 1992

Author(s)Clark, A.E.
TitleSWB as a Measure of Individual Well-Being.
SourceHal Archives, 2015, Pse Working Papers, No 2015-11, 1 - 45, Paris, France
Public16+ aged, general public, followed 10 years, Germany, 1992-2012
Last assesment2012
Survey nameDE-SOEP 1992-2012
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 A subsample of 500 immigrants was added in 1995. Oversampling of rich households was added in 2002 for inequality analysis.
Respondents N =368000
 Panelstudy with 49000 respondents and combined years 368000 observations.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksResults also reported in: Clark, A..E. - Adaptation to poverty in long-run panel data, The review of economics and statistics, 2016, 98(3): 591-600.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication10,23
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.811.81

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Past povertyI01aa01bEarlier sufficiency of income
PovertyI01ac01`objective` poverty
SexG01aaSex (male vs female)