Findings on happiness in Posel & Casale (2011): study ZA 2008

Author(s)Posel, D.; Casale, D.
TitleRelative Standing and Subjective Well-Being in South Africa: The Role of Perception, Expectations and Income Mobility.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 104, 195 - 223
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-010-9740-2
Public17+ aged general public, South-Africa., 2008
Survey nameNational Income Dynamics Study (NIDS) 2008
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Respondents N =28000
 Nationally representative household panel survey, which will track approximately 7300 households or 28000 individuals at two-year intervals.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Assumed by WDH team.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? 1 completely dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 completely satisfied
Author's labelSocial Well-being
Page in publication201
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.452.72

Scores in12345678910

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Actual rank in SAI01ae03Relative to nation
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Crime in the neighbourhoodL17ac03Perceived safety in vinicity
Dwelling placeH22ab03aQuality of house
EthnicityE04ab03oEthnic status in South Africa
Expect to be better/worse off 2 years henceI01aa02cChange to better or worse
Head of householdH20ab05Own position in household
Health status, excellent/ very goodH14ab02Self-perceived health
Marital status, married vs non-marriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Member of a groupS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
Neighbours are aggressiveL17ac03Perceived safety in vinicity
Neighbours help outI01ae02Relative to neighborhood
Number of childrenC03ab01Number of children
Number of pensioners in householdH20ac01Characteristics of household-members
Owns a cellular phoneP12ab02bcTelephone
Per capita household income (Rands)I01ab03Household income
Perceived rank in SAI01afAttitudes to own income
Perceived rank in SAI01ae03Relative to nation, also classified as above ↑
Perceived rank in village/suburbI01afAttitudes to own income
Perceived rank in village/suburbI01ae02Relative to neighborhood, also classified as above ↑
Perceived to be better/worse off than at age 15I01aa02cChange to better or worse
Religious ActivitiesN02ab04Religion in nation
SexeG01aaSex (male vs female)
Shared toiletH22ab03cFacilities in the house
ToiletH22ab03cFacilities in the house
Unemployed, searching for workE02abCurrent employment status
Unemployed, searching for workE02ab03bLooking for work, also classified as above ↑
Unemployed, searching for workE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Years of schooling completedE01ab02Level of school-education