Findings on happiness in Ferreira et al. (2013): study ZZ Europe 2002

Author(s)Ferreira, S.; Akay, A.; Brereton, F.J.
TitleLife Satisfaction and Air Quality in Europe.
SourceEcological Economics, 2013, Vol. 88, 1-10
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.12.027
Public14+ aged, general public, 23 EU nations 2002-2007
Last assesment2007
Survey nameEU-ESS 1-3: 2002-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 Pooled samples
Respondents N =81326
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays? 0 extremely dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely satisfied - don't know - no answer
Page in publicationtable 2
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.17

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Born in contryM07aa01Ever migrated or not
ChildrenF01ac01Only child
Citizen in countryN10acForeign nationalities in nation
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Employment statusE02abCurrent employment status
Employment statusR14abCurrent status: retired or not, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusS01ac01aInvolved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusE02ab02Unfit for work, also classified as above ↑
GDP per capitaR04ab01bGDP in region
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Health statusH14abCurrent general health status
Household sizeF01abFamily composition (earlier for adults, current for young)
IncomeI01ab03Household income
Marital statusM02aa01Married vs never married
Marital statusM02ab01Never married, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01bVs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01cVs separated, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01aVs widowed, also classified as above ↑
Population densityR03ab04Population density in region
ReligiosityR12abCurrent religious beliefs
ReligiosityN02ab04Religion in nation, also classified as above ↑
Size of settlementL13ab02Community size
Size of settlementL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling, also classified as above ↑
Size of settlementL13ab02cSub-urban vs urban, also classified as above ↑
SO2 air pollutionN05ab05Environmental quality
Unemployment rateR04ab10Unemployment in region