Findings on happiness in Becchetti et al. (2016): study ZZ Europe 2006

Author(s)Becchetti, L.; Corrado, L.; Sama, P.
TitleInside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox.
SourceWorld Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.2, 1 - 36
Public50+ aged, general public, Europe, 2006,2007
Last assesment2007
Survey nameSHARE
 second wave, 2006, 2007
SampleProbability area sample
Respondents N =30325000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: computer assisted (CAPI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Now here are some questions concerning how satisfied - or dissatisfied - you are with various things about your life, such as your standard of living, your education etc. To indicate this, would you use this card. If you are extremely SATISFIED with something you would call of the highest number, ten. If you are extremely DISSATISFIED you would mention the lowest number, zero. If you are neither extremely satisfied nor extremely dissatisfied you would mention some number in between zero and ten - the higher the number, the more satisfied, the lower the number the less satisfied. How satisfied - or dissatisfied - are you with the following? Just read off the number that comes closest to how you feel. We have talked about various parts of your life. Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole? 0 dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication4, 17
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.781.78

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age classA04ab03Age-differences among elders
Age no preventA04ae01dAttitude to aging (getting older)
Age no preventP06ac01Degree of restriction, also classified as above ↑
Attended educationS01ab01aInvolved in schooling or not
CountriesN01abCurrent nation of residence
Education yearsE01ab02Level of school-education
Freedom of choiceF05ab03Current absence of restrictions (social freedom)
Future goodL04ac01hHopeful (vs hopeless)
Help to familyS11abCurrent support behavior
Household sizeH13abCurrent household-composition
HroomsH15ab03eSurface of house
Leaving inheritanceP10ab05Savings
Life meaningfulM05ab01Perceived usefullness of one's life
Limited activitiesP06ac01Degree of restriction
Log incomeI01ab02Household income
Long term illnessP06ab02dChronic illness
MaleG01aaSexe (male vs female)
Marital statusM02aa01Married vs never married
Marital statusM02ab01fVs co-habiting, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01bVs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01cVs separated, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01aVs widowed, also classified as above ↑
No family responsibilityF02agAttitudes to family of procreation
No family responsibilityF05ab03bSpecific restrictions (perceived and actual), also classified as above ↑
No feel left outS06ac03Satisfaction with personal contacts
No lack moneyI01afAttitudes to own income
No lack moneyF05ab03bSpecific restrictions (perceived and actual), also classified as above ↑
No out controlP04boInner locus of control
Number of childrenC03ab01Number of children
Number of grandchildrenC01aaGrand-children
Number of illnessesP06ab02cNumber of health complaints
OpportunitiesL04ac01Single aspect evaluations (on criteria of good life)
Participation in churchR01ad02Participation in church
Past goodH05aa01Retrospective level of happiness (period unspecified)
Political participationN04af02Political participation
Sport socialS07abCurrent organizational participation
Urban areaL10ab01Community size
VitalityM13ac05Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
VitalityL04ac01Single aspect evaluations (on criteria of good life), also classified as above ↑
Voluntary workS07ab03Voluntary work