Findings on happiness in Wessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957

Publication
Author(s)Wessman, A.E.; Ricks, D.F.
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
Investigation
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability accidental sample of volunteers. Participant were above average in academic performance and in qualities of being introspective, self-aware and articulate.
Respondents N =21
Non Response16%
AssesmentDiary
 Mood diary kept 30 days.
General remarksSame study reported in WESSM 1960.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling) "On average; how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you felt today....? 10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy 9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous delight and buoyancy 8 Elated and in high spirits 7 Feeling very good and cheerful 6 Feeling pretty good , "OK" 5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so 4 Spirits low and somewhat 'blue' 3 Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely 'blue' 2 Tremendously depressed. Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful" 1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over. Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - depression scale'
ClassificationA-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b
Author's labelHedonic level
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean6.145.70
Standard deviation0.98


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Affective complexityA03ab01Complexity of affect-pattern
Energy vs fatigueM13ac05Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Fulness vs emptinessof lifeM13ac08Feeling full (vs empty)
Harmony vs angerM13ac07Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Hedonic level of most depressed momentsA03ab02Intensity of affects
Hedonic level of most elated momentsA03ab02Intensity of affects
Love and sexM13ac04bFeeling love (vs not)
MenstruationB03ae02Pregnant
Own sociability (vs withdrawal)M13ac04cFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn)
Personal moral judgementM13ac12Feeling morally good (vs guilty)
Physical healthP06ab02eFeeling healthy
Present workW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Pressure of academicworkD01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES
Pressure of academicworkS01ad02Perceived pressure of school-work, also classified as above ↑
Receptivity towards the worldM13ac09bFeeling receptive
Thought processesM13ac02Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Tranquility vs anxietyM13ac14Feeling tranquil (vs restless)