Findings on happiness in Pitkälä et al. (2004): study FI 1989

Author(s)Pitkälä, K.H.; Laakkonen, M.L.; Strandberg, T.E.
TitlePositive Life Orientation as a Predictor of 10-Year Outcome in an Aged Population.
SourceJournal of Clinical Epidemiolgy, 2004, Vol. 57, 409 - 414
Public75-85 aged, Helsinki, Finland followed 1989-1999, ( T1 1989, T2 1994, T3 1999)
 T1 1989, T2 1994, T3 1999
Survey nameNot available
 Helsinki Aging Study
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Random samples of persons aged 75, 80 and 85
Respondents N =491
Non Response18%
 Non-response at T1 24,6%. Incomplete responses (6,6%) left out
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Also postal questionnaire and clininal examination.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: I am satisfied with my life today 0 no 1 don't know 2 yes Item in Munsh Happiness inventory
RemarksPart of a wider index of 'Positive Life Orientation'
Finding used in
nation ranks
Scores in12

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04ab03Age-differences among elders
MortalityH14aa03bLongevity (assessed in follow up)
Moved to institutional careI02aa04Later institutional living