Findings on happiness in Rode (2013): study ZZ World samples 1995

Author(s)Rode, M.
TitleDo Good Institutions Make Citizens Happy, or Do Happy Citizens Build Better Institutions?
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2013, vol. 14, 1479 - 1505
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-012-9391-x
Public18+ years, general public, 87 countries, 1995-2005
Last assesment2005
Survey nameWorld Values Survey 1994-2008
 Waves 3, 4, and 5 of the World Values Survey
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 Probability samples within nations, non-probability sample of nations.
Respondents N =180000
 N is approximated.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication1483
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.051.17

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Average membershipsA02abCurrent activity pattern
DemocracyN12ab04Political democracy in nation
Divorce rateN14ab03baDivorce rate
Economic freedomN14ab02cEconomic freedom
Economic freedomN12ab07Quality of government in nation, also classified as above ↑
Economic freedomN12ab08Size of government, also classified as above ↑
Freedom to tradeN14ab02cEconomic freedom
Importance of GodR10ab04bBelief in god
Legal system and property rightsN08NATION: JUSTICE
Legal system and property rightsN12ab07Quality of government in nation, also classified as above ↑
Log GDP per capitaN04ab01dAverage income in nation
RegulationN14ab02cEconomic freedom
Size of governmentN14ab02cEconomic freedom
Size of governmentN12ab08Size of government, also classified as above ↑
Social trustN11ab28aTrust in fellow-man
Social trustT04ab02Trust in people, also classified as above ↑
Sound moneyN04ab04Inflation in nation
Summed effect of all correlatesS15aeSummed effects of current societal conditions (macro level)
Unemployment rateN04ab05Unemployment in nation