Findings on happiness in Kantor et al. (1978): study US 1976

Author(s)Kantor, H.I.; Ernst, M.L.; Milton, L.J.
TitleComparative Psychologic Effects of Estrogen Administration on Institutional and Noninstitutional Elderly Women.
SourceJournal of the American Geriatrics Society, 1978, Vol. 26, 9 - 16
PublicEldery women in oestrogen therapy, followed 1 year, USA,1976
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Volunteers, invited by investigator
Respondents N =21
Non Response18
 6 women from the institutinal group and 12 women from the noninstitutinal group dropped out
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how would you describe yourself these days? Would you say you are...? 3 very happy 2 fairly happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelComparative Psycychologic Effects
Page in publication9/16
RemarksHappiness assesed 4 times at 3 month intervals
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.76

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Estrogen therapyM06adEffect of treatment on happiness
Estrogen therapyP06ad04bMetabolic disorders (e70-90), also classified as above ↑