Findings on happiness in VandeVliert & Janssen (2002): study ZZ 1986

Author(s)VandeVliert, E.; Janssen, O.
Title''Better Than'' Performances Motives as Roots of Satisfaction across More and Less Developed Countries.
SourceJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2002, Vol. 33, 380 - 397
PublicStudents, 42 countries, 2002
 argentina, australia, bangladesh, belgium, brazil, bulgaria, canada, chile, china, colombia, egypt, france, germany, greece, hong kong, iceland, india, iraq, ireland, israel, japan, jordan, korea (south), mexico, new zealand, norway, poland, portugal, romania, singapore, south africa, spain, sweden, switzerland, syria, taiwan, turkey, united arab emirates, united kingdom, usa, venezuela, yugoslavia.
Survey nameNot available
 Performance motives in nations taken from Lynn, 1991; Happiness in nations taken from Diener 1995 (partly based on Michalos international student survey in 1991).
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Non-probability accidental sample of nations + non-probability chunk sample within nations.
Respondents N =14000
 The number of respondents ranged from 126 in Norway to 898 in South Africa, on average 340 per country; 50% male and 50% female.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single questions: This measure of average happiness in nations combines responses to different questions on happiness and life-satisfaction rated on different scales. Precise items and rating scales differ per nation. Average scores per nation were transformed afterwards to a common 0-10 scale. Name: Diener's SWB-score of nations
Author's labelSubjective well-being
Page in publication387
RemarksZ-scores available in appendix for 42 nations after applying a missing value policy (average scores) for 9 nations. No distribution available (in z-scores or original scores). Mean and standard deviation for original scores not yet available.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Company satisfactionW05ad02fSatisfaction with company
Job satisfactionW05ad02dSatisfaction with work itself
life satisfactionL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Other-referenced performance motives (extrinsic motives)M16ab03Extrinsic motivation
Other-referenced performance motives (extrinsic motives)N11ab21Intrinsec/extrinsic motivation in nation, also classified as above ↑
Self-referenced performance motives (intrinsic motives)N11ab21Intrinsec/extrinsic motivation in nation
Self-referenced performance motives (intrinsic motives)M16ab02Intrinsic motivation, also classified as above ↑