Findings on happiness in Tiefenbach & Kohlbacher (2011): study JP 2011

Author(s)Tiefenbach, T.; Kohlbacher, F.
TitleHappiness from the Viewpoint of Economics.
SourceDeutsches Institut für Japanstudien, 2011, Tokyo, Japan
Public15 -79 aged, Japan, 2011
Collect periodMarch
Survey nameJP-LifeStylePref2011
 The survey is commissioned by the Japanese cabinet office and was initiated in 1972. Originally it was carried out on three-year basis, but since 1984 it has been conducted annually. Since 2010 the focus has been placed on individual happiness and its determinants.
SampleProbability stratified sample
 2-stage randomized stratified procedure includes 5000 persons.
Respondents N =3578
Non Response28,4%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionaire is explained in person to the respondents in their homes. They are left a few days to complete the survey, before the questionaires are finally collected from them again.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question How happy are you currently? 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Labeling of scale ends not reported
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication7
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.022.02

Scores in012345678910

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
HomeownerH22ab01Ownership of current dwelling
Income and assetsI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
JobE02abCurrent employment status
JobO01abCurrent occupation, also classified as above ↑
JobE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
JobS01ac01aInvolved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑
JobE02ae04Tenure (vs flex contracts), also classified as above ↑