Findings on happiness in Blanchflower et al. (2013): study GB Wales 2007

Author(s)Blanchflower, D.G.; Oswald, A.J.; Stewart-Brown, S.
TitleIs Psychological Well-Being Linked to the Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 114, 785 - 801
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0173-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Wales, UK, 2007-2010
Collect period2007
Last collect period2010
Survey nameWelsh Health Survey
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =49972
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Interview ( face-to-face) and Questionnaire (paper)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How much of the time during the past 4 weeks have you felt happy? 5 all the time 4 most of the time 3 sometimes 2 rarely 1 never - don't know - don't remember Part of 9 item ODIN Affect Balance Scale (A-AB/cm/mq/v/5/..)
Page in publication799
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.91

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
BMIB03ac01caBody Mass Index (BMI)
EducationE01abCurrent education
Fruit and vegetable consumptionN15ab04What one eats
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Household locationR01ab25Region in UK
Limited by a health problem/disabilityH14ac02bRestrictions in moving
Number of days doing vigorous exerciseS12ab01aActive involvement in sports
OccupationE02abCurrent employment status
OccupationE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
OccupationS01ac01aInvolved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑
SmokingS13ab08Use of tobacco