Findings on happiness in Ram (2009): study ZZ 2006

Author(s)Ram, R.
TitleGovernment Spending and Happiness of the Population: Additional Evidence from Large Cross-Country Samples.
SourcePublic Choice, 2009, Vol. 138, 483 - 490
DOIDOI:10.1007/sl 1127-008-9372-0
Public18+ aged, general public, 87 nations, 2006
Collect period2006
Survey nameWorldValuesSurvey 4
 Data WDH (Veenhoven) 2006
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Non-probability sample of nations, probability sample within nations.
Respondents N =87000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question Various questions on satisfaction with life as-a-whole, rated on 10 or 11 step numeral scales. 10 step variants stretched to range 0-10
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication484
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.30

Full textSelfreport on two questions: A Taking all together, how happy would you say you are? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy B All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now? 10 satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 dissatisfied Computation: (Ax2,5) +B -10 Name: Inglehart's combined score
Author's labelSubjective Well-Being, SWB.
Page in publication484-485
RemarksSource: Inglehart, 2008; Score = score on 1-10-scale for life satisfaction minus 2,5 x score on 1-4-reversed scale for happiness. Theoretical range is: -9 to +7,5 (min= 1 minus 2,5 x 4; max = 10 minus 2,5 x 1).
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -10 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.70

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Government ConsumptionN12ab08aGovernment consumption in nation
Government ConsumptionN12ab08Size of government in nation, also classified as above ↑
Real GDP per capita (in logs)N04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)