Findings on happiness in Sarracino (2008): study ZZ World samples 1990

Author(s)Sarracino, F.
TitleSubjective Well-Being in Low Income Countries: Positional, Relational and Social Capital Compnents.
SourceStudi e Note di Economica, vol. 5, nr 3, pp 449-477
Public18+ aged, general public, 39 nations, 1990-2001
Last assesment2001
Survey nameWVS: combined waves
 World Values Survey wave 1-4: wave 1 (1980-82), wave 2 (1990-91), wave 3 (1995-1997), wave 4 (1999-2001)
SampleProbability multi-stage random
 Probability samples within nations, non-probability sample of nations
Respondents N =267870
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksPooled samples
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy.
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication460, 462
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.74

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
EducationE01ab04Literacy, also classified as above ↑
EmploymentE02abCurrent employment status
Freedom of ChoiceF05ab03aAmount of restrictions perceived
Freedom of ChoiceP05bpInner locus of control, also classified as above ↑
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
HealthH14abCurrent general health status
HonestyV02ab01eAcceptance cheating on taxes
HonestyP05bjHonest, also classified as above ↑
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Marital StatusM02aa03Married vs divorced
Marital StatusM02aa01Married vs never married, also classified as above ↑
Marital StatusM02aa04Married vs separated , also classified as above ↑
Marital StatusM02ab02Widowed, also classified as above ↑
Relative IncomeI01aeRelative income
Social ClassS09ab02Subjective social rank
Social ContactsF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Social ContactsS06abCurrent contacts, also classified as above ↑
Social ContactsF06acCurrent contacts with friends, also classified as above ↑
TrustT04ab02Trust in people
TrustP05diTrusting, also classified as above ↑
VoluntaryS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations