Findings on happiness in Rhoads & Raymond (1981): study US Arizona 1979

Author(s)Rhoads, D.L.; Raymond, J.S.
TitleQuality of Life and the Competent Community.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1981, Vol. 9, 293 - 301
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF00896065
PublicAdults, Phoenix, Arizona, USA,1979
Survey nameNot available
 Household survey in Phoenix, Arizona,
SampleProbability area sample
 Representative of the population except for an overrepresentation of females. Equal numbers of Anglos, Blacks and Mexican-Americans.
Respondents N =547
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfrport on single question: On the whole are you with the life you lead? 4 satisfied 3 rather satisfied 2 as yet unsatisfied 1 unbearably dissatisfied
Author's labelOverall life satisfaction
Page in publication296
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions shortterm affective states ( lead item not reported) A happy B joyful C enjoyment/fun E pleased F enthusiastic G angry H depressed/blue I anxious J frustrated K unhappy Rated: 1 not at all to 6 extremely so Computation: (A+B+C+D+F)/5 - (G+H+I+J+K)/5
Author's labelWell being
Page in publication296
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Combined effectsS15ab08Socio-demographic + social ties
CommunityR13abCurrent resources
Family incomeI01ab03Household income
Low incomeI01ac01`objective` poverty
Personal factorR13abCurrent resources
SexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Social factorR13abCurrent resources