Findings on happiness in Oishi et al. (2012): study ZZ 2007

Author(s)Oishi, S.; Diener, E.; Schimmack, U.
TitleProgressive Taxation and the Subjective Well-Being of Nations.
SourcePsychological Science, 2012, Vol. 23, 86 - 92
Public15+ aged, general public, 54 nations, 2007
Survey nameGallupWorldPoll2007
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =59634
 Data from 54 nations of total 132 countries surveyed in Gallup World Poll 2007, for which tax data was available. Individual-level data for 59,634 respondents.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
Author's labelGlobal-life evaluation
Page in publication87
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.360.36

Full textSelfreport on 16 questions Did you yesterday..? A smile and laugh a lot B were you proud of something? C learn or do something interesting D did you feel enjoyment? E did you feel love? F would you like to have more days like yesterday? H did you feel feel well rested? I were you treated with respect? J were you able to choose how you spend your time? K did you have good tasting food? Did you feel a lot yesterday L worry M sadnes N depression O boredom P anger Q shame Rated: 1: yes 0: no Computation: - Average % positive affect = (A-K)/10 - Average % negative affect = (L-Q)/6 - Affect Balance = Average % positive affect - Average % negative affect These questions do not measure hedonic level of affect of individual persons adequately, since yesterday's mood does not always correspond with typical average mood. Yet these questions can be used for measuring hedonic level in agregates, such as nations, since individual variations balance out in big samples.
Author's labelpositive/negative daily experiences
Page in publication87
RemarksAuthor uses two variables: Positive daily xperiences: A-K and Negative daily experiences: L-Q
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -100 - 100On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.06

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Income inequalityN14ab02dIncome inequality in nation
Log-linear GDP per capitaN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
Progressive taxationN12ab08Size of government in nation
Satisfaction with public goodsN04ad02bSatisfaction with welfare provision for the elderly in nation