Findings on happiness in Diener et al. (1995b): study US 1993

Author(s)Diener, E.; Fujita, F.; Wolsic, B.
TitlePhysical Attractiveness and Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 120 - 129
PublicCollege students, USA 199?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
 Selected for low and high happiness
Respondents N =146
 Males: 60, Females: 86
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Photographs and video
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness. 10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!) 9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!) 8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good) 7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful) 6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral) 5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral) 4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low) 3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down) 2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low) 1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down) Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.
Author's labelFordyce's overall happiness scale
RemarksSs who scored in happiness item a 6 or lower were selected as a Lower subjective wellbeing group, and Ss who scored a 8 or higher were selected as a Higher subjective wellbeing group. Lower SWB M=4.6, Higher SWB M=8.8
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Number of datesL19ab01Involved in dating
Physical attractivenessA07ab01Ratings by others
Satisfaction with Life (SWLS)L04ahHappiness inventories involving unacceptable items