Findings on happiness in Steel & Ones (2002): study ZZ 1972

Publication
Author(s)Steel, P.; Ones, D.S.
TitlePersonality and Happiness: A National Level Analysis.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2002, Vol. 83, 767 - 781
Investigation
PublicAdult general public, 39 nations, 1972-1998
Last assesment1998
 -Variables assessed in different periods - Eysenck Personality Questionnaire: 1975-1998 - NEO-PI-R: 1992-2000 - Happiness: 2000 version of the World (Database of Happiness, (Veenhoven, 2000) - GNP per Capita: 1975-1998
Survey nameNot available
SampleMixed samples
Respondents N =40000
 Sample sizes per analysis ranged from 13 to 48 nations -Eysenck Personality Questionnaire: 39 countries, representative samples, size per country: M=1059, range=430-1912 -NEO-PI-R: 24 countries, most samples not representative, size per country: M=921 -Happiness: sample size per country: M=25,300, range=502-286398 -Life-satisfaction: sample size per country M=28654, range=499-172090 -Affect Balance Scale: sample size per country: M=2901, range=588-12000 -Overall Happiness (happiness+life satisfaction): sample size per country: M=49816, range=499-370880
Non Responsenot reported
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 And questionnaires.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on multiple questions: Equivalent questionaires about experienced positive and negative affect, such as Bradburn's ABS and Watson's PANAS. The number and wording of the questions varies somewhat across studies and languages. Scores are transformed linearly to range 0-10
ClassificationA-AB---mq-nt-11-a
Author's labelAffect
Page in publication775
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean6.296.29
Standard deviation0.610.61


Full textSelf report on single question: Equivalent questions on life-satisfaction rated on various scales. The items differ slightly in wording and number of the response options. Scores are transformed to a common range 0 - 10 by means of expert weighting of response options (Thurstone's method).
ClassificationO-SLV---sq-nt-11-a
Author's labelSatisfaction
Page in publication775
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean6.366.36
Standard deviation0.620.62


Full textSelf report on single question: Equivalent questions on happiness rated on various scales. The items differ slightly in wording and number of the response options. Scores are transformed to a common range 0 - 10 by means of expert weighting of response options (Thurstone's method).
ClassificationO-HL---sq-nt-11-a
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication773-774
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean6.716.71
Standard deviation0.580.58


Full textSelf report on single question: Equivalent questions on happiness and life-satisfaction rated on various scales. The items differ slightly in wording and number of the response options. Scores are transformed to a common range 0 - 10 by means of expert weighting of response options (Thurstone's method).
ClassificationO-Sum---sq-nt-11-a
Author's labelOverall
Page in publication775
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean6.376.37
Standard deviation0.650.65


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
AgreeablenessN11ab03Agreableness in nation
ConscientiousnessN11ab09Conscientiousness in nation
EPQN11NATION: PERSONALITY (modal)
ExtraversionN11ab13Extraversion in nation
ExtraversionN11ab13Extraversion in nation
NEO-PI-RN11NATION: PERSONALITY (modal)
NeuroticismN11ab24Neuroticism in nation
NeuroticismN11ab24Neuroticism in nation
Openness to ExperienceN11ab25Openness in nation
PsychoticismN11ab27Psychoticism in nation
Self-deceptionN11ab22Honesty in nation