Findings on happiness in Diener et al. (1995c): study US 1991

Publication
Author(s)Diener, E.; Fujita, F.; Smith, H.L.
TitleThe Personality Structure of Affect.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 130 - 141
Investigation
PublicCollege students, USA, 1991-1992
 Students who enrolled in the course of subjective well-being research at University of Illinois Woman = 112, Men = 110
Collect period9
 Sepember 1991 - June, 1992
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =212
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Mixed methods:questionnaire, informant rating and experience sampling
General remarksSelf-reports of the emotion adjectives during the fifth week of the semester Informant ratings: peer and family reports of the emotion adjectives were collected for each participant Experience sampling: the emotiohn reporting task on a daily basis(each evening) for 52 consecutive days after the global self-report int the fifth week.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport of daily mood on 24 questions 'Please indicate how much of each emotion you felt in the past month' A LOVE Aa Affection Ab love Ac caring Ab fondness B JOY Ba joy Bb happiness Bc contentment Bd pride C FEAR Ca fear Cb worry Cc anxiety Cd nervous D ANGER Da anger Db irritation Dc disgust Dd rage E SHAME Ea shame Eb guilt Ec regret Ed embarrassment F SADNES Fa sadness Fb loneliness Fc unhappiness Fd depression Answer options: 1 not at all 2 very slight 3 somewhat 4 moderate amount 5 much 6 very much 7 extremely much Options presented horizontally Computation: average A+B minus average C+D+E+F
ClassificationA-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-a
Author's labelSel-report of daily mood
Page in publication135
RemarksAffect Balance Scale(ABS) was not reported. We computed ABS by substracting NA from PA
Error estimatesAlpha: Love = .85, Joy = .79, Fear = .84, Anger = .82, Shame = .78, Sadness = .80
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport of daily mood on 24 questions 'Please indicate how much of each emotion you felt today' A LOVE Aa Affection Ab love Ac caring Ab fondness B JOY Ba joy Bb happiness Bc contentment Bd pride C FEAR Ca fear Cb worry Cc anxiety Cd nervous D ANGER Da anger Db irritation Dc disgust Dd rage E SHAME Ea shame Eb guilt Ec regret Ed embarrassment F SADNES Fa sadness Fb loneliness Fc unhappiness Fd depression Answer options: 1 not at all 2 very slight 3 somewhat 4 moderate amount 5 much 6 very much 7 extremely much Options presented horizontally Computation: average A+B minus average C+D+E+F
ClassificationA-BD3-md-mqr-v-7-a
Author's labelDaily experience sampling of mood
Page in publication135
RemarksAffect Balance Scale (ABS) was not reported. We computed ABS by substracting NA from PA
Error estimatesAlpha: Love = .93, Joy = .80, Fear = .91, Anger = .91, Shame = .94, Sadness = .93
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textRating by family and peers of daily mood on 24 questions 'Please indicate how much of each emotion Ss felt today' A LOVE Aa Affection Ab love Ac caring Ab fondness B JOY Ba joy Bb happiness Bc contentment Bd pride C FEAR Ca fear Cb worry Cc anxiety Cd nervous D ANGER Da anger Db irritation Dc disgust Dd rage E SHAME Ea shame Eb guilt Ec regret Ed embarrassment F SADNES Fa sadness Fb loneliness Fc unhappiness Fd depression Answer options: 1 not at all 2 very slight 3 somewhat 4 moderate amount 5 much 6 very much 7 extremely much Options presented horizontally Computation: average A+B minus average C+D+E+F
ClassificationA-BD3-g-rdv-v-7-a
Author's labelInformant reports of daily mood
RemarksAffect Balance Scale ABS) was not reported. We computed ABS by substracting NA from PA
Error estimatesAlpha: Love = .90, Joy = .77, Fear = .84, Anger = .85, Shame = .82, Sadness = .87
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
MethodsI06aa03Method of interrogation