Findings on happiness in Wright et al. (2004): study US 1999

Author(s)Wright, T.A.; Cropanzano, R.; Meyer, D.G.
TitleState and Trait Correlates of Job Performance: A Tale of Two Perspectives.
SourceJournal of Business and Psychology, 2004, Vol. 18, 365 - 3883
PublicPublic sector supervisory personel; USA; 199?
 Years of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 All subjects were employed within the same department and are representatie of the organization's population. The majority of the subjects are male and most had a four year college degree. The average age was 35 years.
Respondents N =45
Non Response0
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Job performance rated by management.
General remarksSimilar studies reported in WRIGH 1999/1, WRIGH 1999/2, WRIGH 2002, WRIGH 2004/2
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways? A On top of the world B Very lonely or remote from other people C Particularly excited or interested in something D Pleased about having accomplished something E Bored F Depressed or very unhappy G So restless that you could not sit long in a chair H Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why Reponse options: 0 never 1 sometimes 3 often Scoring: PA = A+C+D (range 0-9) NA = B+E+F+G+H (range 0-15) ABS = PA-NA (range 1-7) Name: Index of Psychological Wellbeing
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Page in publication371
Error estimatesCronbach alpha = .68
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.50

Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way today....? A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('today' version)
Author's labelpositive and negative mood
Page in publication371
RemarksPositive Affect subscale: M= 3,0 SD = 0,8 Negative Affect subscale: M= 1,9 SD = 0,9
Error estimatesCronbach alpha positive mood: .90, negative mood: .92
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -40 - 40On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Job performanceW06aa03Later work-performance
Positive and negative moodM12ab02Mood during the day of interview