Findings on happiness in Hunter et al. (2008): study ZZ 2003

Author(s)Hunter, M.S.; Bhugra, D; Gupta, P; Papitsch-Clark, A; Sturdee, D
TitleCulture, Country of Residence and Subjective Well-Being: A Comparison of South Asian Mid-Aged Women Living in the UK, UK Caucasian Women and Women living in Delhi, India.
SourceInternational Journal of Culture and Mental Health, 2008, Vol. 1, 44 - 57
Public45-55 aged Indian women in menopause, Delhi, India and Birmigham, UK. 200?
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
 Participants were recruited when they sought medical help for menopausal symptoms
Respondents N =153
 51 Caucasians in the UK, 52 Indians living in the UK, 50 Indians living in Delhi
Non ResponseNot available
 6 participants excluded for incomplete interviews
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksYear of data gathering not reported; reported year is estimation.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication46
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
City of residenceN10ab01Comparison of non-representative nation-samples
Depressed moodH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
EmploymentE02abCurrent employment status
EthnicityE04ab05Ethnic status in regions
EthnicityE04ab03Ethnic status in specific nations, also classified as above ↑
General healthH14ab02aGlobal health rating
Level of educationE01aa01Earlier educational level
MigrationE04ab03Ethnic status in specific nations
MigrationM07aa01Ever migrated or not, also classified as above ↑
Participation in exerciseS12ab01aActive involvement in sports