Findings on happiness in Jiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002

Author(s)Jiang, S.; Lu, M.; Sato, H.
TitleIdentity, Inequality, and Happiness: Evidence from Urban China.
SourceWorld Development, 2012, Vol. 40, 1190 - 1200
Public16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
Survey nameCN-CHIP 2002
 Within CHIP 2002: Urban Household Survey and Migrant Household Survey
SampleProbability multi-stage random
 Non-probability sample of cities, probability sample within cities.
Respondents N =5630
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf-report on single question: Generally speaking, how happy do you feel? 4 very happy 3 happy 2 so-so 1 not happy 0 not happy at all
Author's labelSubjective Happiness
Page in publication1192
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.85

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Between-Group (urban hukou vs rural hokou) income inequalityE04ab03eEthnic status in China
Between-Group (urban hukou vs rural hokou) income inequalityL12ab03Income difference in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Change in social statusS05aa03bActual mobility (assessed by follow-up)
Change in social statusE04ab03eEthnic status in China, also classified as above ↑
Change in social statusM09ab02Integration in new community, also classified as above ↑
Communist Party MemberP09ab02bMembership of political organizations
DivorcedM02ab01bVs divorced
Education ratioL17ab01bSocial homogeneity in vinicity
GDP per capita/10^4R04ab01bGDP in region
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Gini-coefficientL12ab03Income difference in vinicity
HealthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Hukou statusE04ab03eEthnic status in China
Hukou statusF01ah02Rural upbringing, also classified as above ↑
Income expectationsI01af03Income expectations
Living in big cityL13ab02dSize of urban setting
Log household income per capitaI01ab03Household income
MarriedM02aa01Married vs never married
Migrants vs urbansM09aa01aEver moved or not
Population growthL13ab02eChange of city size
Region in ChinaR01ab07Region in China
Square meters of housing per capitaH22ab03eSurface of house
UnemployedE02ab03Unemployed involuntary
WidowedM02ab01aVs widowed
Years of schooling completedE01ab01Years schooling