Findings on happiness in Senik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2002

Author(s)Senik, C.
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
Public15+ aged, general public, Europe, 13 EU nations, 2002-2009
Last assesment2009
Survey nameEU-ESS 1-4: 2002-2010
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 Pooled samples waves 1-4
Respondents N =64706
 including 54925 non-migrants, 5094 first-generation migrants, 1339 second generation migrants, and 3348 persons who belong to the 2.5 generation (one non-native parent)
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are? 0 extremely unhappy 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely happy - don't know - no answer
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication9, 57
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.69

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Country of residenceM07aa06Country of settlement
Country of residenceN10abCurrent nation of residence, also classified as above ↑
DivorcedM02ab03Divorced or separated
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Log (household income)I01ab03Household income
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Migration generationM07aa01Ever migrated or not
Migration generationM07aa03Migration generation, also classified as above ↑
Migration generationF01af01kMigration of parents, also classified as above ↑
Region of originM07aa05Country of origin
Summed determinantsS15ab01Socio-demographic factors only
UnemployedE02ab03Unemployed involuntary