Findings on happiness in Erlinghagen (2011): study DE 2002

Author(s)Erlinghagen, M.
TitleNowhere Better Than Here? The Subjective Well-Being of German Emigrants and Remigrants.
SourceComparative Population Studies-Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, 2011, Vol. 36, 899 -926
Public15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002-2009
Last assesment2009
Survey nameEU-ESS 1-4: 2002-2010
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 Pooled samples, wave 1-4
Respondents N =11096
 including 1010 German emigrants in 24 ESS-countries
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are? 0 extremely unhappy 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely happy - don't know - no answer
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication909
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays? 0 extremely dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely satisfied - don't know - no answer
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication909
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Assessment of incomeI01acSufficiency of current income
EducationE01ab01Years schooling
Frequency of prayingR12ad03Praying
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
General trustfulnessT04ab02Trust in people
General trustfulnessP05diTrusting, also classified as above ↑
Has childrenC03aa01Ever had children (vs not)
Has partnerM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
HealthH14ab02aGlobal health rating
Meets friendsF06ac06Visits to friends
MigrationM11aa01aEver involved in migrant work
MigrationM07aa01Ever migrated or not, also classified as above ↑
MigrationM07aa08Re-migration, also classified as above ↑
MigrationM07aa02Time since migration, also classified as above ↑
Non-employedE02aa02afOut of workforce
RetiredR14abCurrent status: retired or not
Satisfaction with democracyP09ag03Attitudes to democracy
Self-employedE02ae03Self employed
UnemployedE02ab03Unemployed involuntary