Findings on happiness in Bartram (2013a): study RO 2009

Author(s)Bartram, D.
TitleMigration, Return, and Happiness in Romania.
SourceEuropean Societies, 2013, Vol. 15, 408 - 422
Public15+ aged general public, Romania, 2009
Survey nameEU-ESS 4: 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =1595
 including 80 return migrants and 73 Romanians living in other countries
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are? 0 extremely unhappy 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely happy - don't know - no answer
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication412
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.20

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Employment statusE02ab03Unemployed involuntary
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
HealthH14ab02aGlobal health rating
IncomeI01ab03Household income
Living with a partner/spouseM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
MigrationM11aa01aEver involved in migrant work
MigrationM07aa01Ever migrated or not, also classified as above ↑
MigrationM07aa08Re-migration, also classified as above ↑
ReligiosityR12af02Self-definition as religious
SociabilityS06abCurrent contacts
Summed effectsS15ab30Socio-demographic + health + life events + social ties