Findings on happiness in Gartstein & Rothbart (2002): study US Oregon 1997

Publication
Author(s)Gartstein, M.A.; Rothbart, M.K.
TitleStudying infant temperament via the Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire
SourceInfant Behavior & Development 26 (2003) 64-86
Investigation
Public3-12 months aged infants, Oregon, United States, 199?
 year of data gathering not reported, estimated 1997
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 parents of infants recruited by telephone on basis of the announcement of their infant's birth in the local newspaper for Eugene-Springfield, Oregon
Respondents N =361
 179 male infants, 181 female infants, equally divided into 3 age groups: 3-6 months, 6-9 months, 9-12 months (each N=120)
Non Response24%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire; Raters mostly mothers (90%), data also collected from secondary caregiver (58% fathers) of 26 infants (4-12 months aged)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textRating by parents of smiling and laughter in different non-threatening or familiar situations, such as: How often during the last week did your child smile or laugh when given a toy? 1 never 2 very rarely 3 less than half the time 4 half the time 5 more than half the time 6 almost always 7 always Full list of situations not reported. Part of Rothbart Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire
ClassificationA-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-b
Author's labelSmile and Laughter
Page in publication72, 73
Error estimatesReliability of the 10 items: Age Group 1 (3-6 months): 0.85 Age Group 2 (6-9 months): 0.72 Age Group 3 (9-12 months): 0.82
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.086.80
Standard deviation0.891.48


Full textRating by parents of pleasure in different high stimulus intensity situations, such as: During a peek-a-boo game, how often did the baby smile? 1 never 2 very rarely 3 less than half the time 4 about half the time 5 more than half the time 6 almost always 7 always Full list of situations not reported. Part of Rothbart Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire
ClassificationA-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-ab
Author's labelHigh Intensity Pleasure
Page in publication72, 73
Error estimatesReliability of the 11 items: Age Group 1 (3-6 months): 0.77 Age Group 2 (6-9 months): 0.76 Age Group 3 (9-12 months): 0.80
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.956.80
Standard deviation0.661.48


Full textRating by parents of pleasure in different low stimulus intensity situations, such as: When playing quietly with one of his/her favorite toys, how often did the baby show pleasure? 1 never 2 very rarely 3 less than half the time 4 about half the time 5 more than half the time 6 almost always 7 always Full list of situations not reported. Part of Rothbart Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire
ClassificationA-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-ba
Author's labelLow Intensity Pleasure
Page in publication72, 73
Error estimatesReliability of the 13 items: Age Group 1 (3-6 months): 0.81 Age Group 2 (6-9 months): 0.87 Age Group 3 (9-12 months): 0.80
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.086.80
Standard deviation0.891.48


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
AgeA04ab02Age difference among young people
ApproachP05bqInterested
CaregiversH07ab02gA-CA by A-CA
CuddlinessP05ciPositive reacting
Distress to LimitationsP05btIrritable
Distress to LimitationsP05dlVulnerable, also classified as above ↑
Duration of OrientingP05bqInterested
Falling ReactivityC11ab03bCoping-success rating by others
Falling ReactivityP05cpSecure, also classified as above ↑
FearC11ab03bCoping-success rating by others
FearP05dlVulnerable, also classified as above ↑
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
High PleasureH07ab02gA-CA by A-CA
High PleasureP05ciPositive reacting, also classified as above ↑
Low PleasureP05ciPositive reacting
Perceptual SensitivityP05acActive
SadnessC11ab03bCoping-success rating by others
SadnessP05dcSuggestible, also classified as above ↑
Smile/LaughterH07ab02gA-CA by A-CA
Smile/LaughterP05ciPositive reacting, also classified as above ↑
SoothabilityC11ab03bCoping-success rating by others
SoothabilityP05dlVulnerable, also classified as above ↑
Vocal ReactivityP05ciPositive reacting