Findings on happiness in Zautra (1975): study US Utah 1970

Author(s)Zautra, A.J.
TitleQuality of Life: The Communication of Satisfaction.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 1975, USA
Public18+ aged, men and women, Salt Lake County, USA, 1973-1974
Collect periodOctober 1st, 1973
Last collect periodFebruary 29, 1974
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =454
 The sample was representative to that recorded in 1970 United States Census for income, marital status, age and education for the geographical area selected.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksSame study also reported in Zautr 1977.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelAffect-Balance score
Page in publication42,154
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
Author's labelLife evaluation
Page in publication42,150
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Blaming orientationP05ajBlaming
Blaming orientationP05bpInner locus of control, also classified as above ↑
Economic orientationC09ab02Specific concerns
Economic Well-BeingP12acAttitudes to one's possessions
Economic Well-BeingI01afAttitudes to own income, also classified as above ↑
Economic Well-BeingR13acAttitudes to own resources, also classified as above ↑
Evaluation of governmentP09ag01Attitudes to government
Family ResponsibilityF02ag01Concern about family
Family ResponsibilityW05agPerceived conflict between work and home life, also classified as above ↑
Happiness with family lifeF03acAttitudes to family-life
Personal health problemsH13HEALTH: MENTAL
Personal health problemsH14HEALTH: PHYSICAL, also classified as above ↑
Personal Life Style EvaluationL04afMixed multiple life-appraisals
Religious Fellowship and Social ParticipationS08abCurrent total social participation
Resource PreferencesR13acAttitudes to own resources
Responsibilty to oneselfP05clResponsible
Self-ActivationA02ac15aHousehold work
Short-Term SatisfactionM15abCurrent mood of the moment
Short-Term SatisfactionL04ac02Multiple aspect evaluations of life, also classified as above ↑
Work ResponsibilityT01afAttitudes to own time-behavior
Work ResponsibilityW05abCurrent concern about work, also classified as above ↑