Findings on happiness in Zautra (1975): study US Utah 1970

Publication
Author(s)Zautra, A.J.
TitleQuality of Life: The Communication of Satisfaction.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 1975, USA
Investigation
Public18+ aged, men and women, Salt Lake County, USA, 1973-1974
Collect periodOctober 1st, 1973
Last collect periodFebruary 29, 1974
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =454
 The sample was representative to that recorded in 1970 United States Census for income, marital status, age and education for the geographical area selected.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksSame study also reported in Zautr 1977.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
ClassificationA-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's labelAffect-Balance score
Page in publication42,154
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
ClassificationO-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a
Author's labelLife evaluation
Page in publication42,150
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Blaming orientationP05ajBlaming
Blaming orientationP05bpInner locus of control, also classified as above ↑
Economic orientationC09ab02Specific concerns
Economic Well-BeingP12acAttitudes to one's possessions
Economic Well-BeingI01afAttitudes to own income, also classified as above ↑
Economic Well-BeingR11acAttitudes to own resources, also classified as above ↑
Evaluation of governmentP09ag01Attitudes to government
Family ResponsibilityF02ag01Concern about family
Family ResponsibilityW05agPerceived conflict between work and home life, also classified as above ↑
Happiness with family lifeF03acAttitudes to family-life
Life CrisisX01UNCLASSIFIED
Personal health problemsH13HEALTH: MENTAL
Personal health problemsH14HEALTH: PHYSICAL, also classified as above ↑
Personal Life Style EvaluationL04afMixed multiple life-appraisals
Religious Fellowship and Social ParticipationS08abCurrent total social participation
Resource PreferencesR11acAttitudes to own resources
Responsibilty to oneselfP05clResponsible
Self-ActivationA02ac15aHousehold work
Short-Term SatisfactionM15abCurrent mood of the moment
Short-Term SatisfactionL04ac02Multiple aspect evaluations of life, also classified as above ↑
Work ResponsibilityT01afAttitudes to own time-behavior
Work ResponsibilityW05abCurrent concern about work, also classified as above ↑