Findings on happiness in Gaymu & Springer (2010): study ZZ Europe 2004

Author(s)Gaymu, Joelle; Springer, Sabine
TitleLiving Conditions and Life Satisfaction of Older Europeans Living Alone: A Gender and Cross-country Analysis
SourceAgeing and Society 30, 2010, 1153-1175
DOIdoi: 10.1017/S0144686X10000231
Public60+ aged living alone, 10 European Nations, 2004
Survey nameSHARE
 The study used the data from first wave of SHARE (Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe).
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =3501
 Men= 695, Women= 1957
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question In general, how satisfied are you with your life? 1 very dissatisfied 2 dissatisfied 3 satisfied 4 very satisfied
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
Page in publication1157
RemarksTwo negative categories were merged. The transformed variable was ordinal scaled with three categories- 'very', 'somewhat' and 'not satisfied'.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age (years)A04abCurrent age (in years)
CountryN10abCurrent nation of residence
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Family ContextC05abCurrent relation with one's children
Family ContextC03aa01Ever had children (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Female vs maleG01aaSex (male vs female)
House ownershipH22ab01aHouse owned or rented
IncomeI01ab03Household income
InfrastructureH22ab03Quality of current dwelling
Limitations in daily activitiesH14ac01Degree of restriction
Marital StatusM01aa02aEver divorced/separated
Marital StatusM01aa02bEver widowed, also classified as above ↑
Marital StatusM01aa01cLife-long single, also classified as above ↑
NeighbourhoodL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling
Provides helpS11abCurrent support behavior
Receives helpS10abCurrent social support received