Findings on happiness in Diener et al. (1995a): study ZZ East-West pairs 1991 /1

Author(s)Diener, E.; Shao, L.; Smith, H.L.; Suh, E.M.
TitleNational Differences in Reported Subjective Well-Being: Why do They Occur?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 34, 7 - 32
PublicCollege students, South Korea, China, USA, 199?
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =208
 South Korean: N=96( Females=65, Males=30), China: N= 59(F=11, M=48), USA: N= 53(F=33, M=19)
Non ResponseNot available
 4 subjects were discarded because of careless or incorrect reponding in South Korean sample, 1 nonresponder in USA sample.
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: Using the scale below, indicate how much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion? A affectionate B joyful C sad D worried E irritable F guilty G happy H proud 1 never 2 slight amount (rare) 3 some of the time 4 about half the time 5 much of the time 6 almost always 7 always Computation: (A+B+G+H)-(C+D+E+F)/8 Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance'
Author's labelAffect balance score
RemarksChina, M = 2,1, South Korea: M = 0.8, USA: M = 2.5
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question asked twice: "Considering how you feel these days, are you generally satisfied with your life or are you generally dissatisfied?" 7 extremely satisfied 6 very satisfied 5 quite satisfied 4 both satisfied and dissatisfied 3 quite dissatisfied 2 very dissatisfied 1 extremely dissatisfied
RemarksSouth Korea: M=4.6 China: M=4.5 USA: M=5.2
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
National differencesR01abCurrent area of residence