Findings on happiness in Schimmack et al. (2002a): study ZZ 1997

Author(s)Schimmack, U.; Ahadi, S.; Dzokoto, V.; Oishi, S.; Radhakrishnan, P.
TitleCulture, Personality, and Subjective Well-Being: Integrating Process Models of Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2002, Vol. 82, 582 - 593
PublicStudents in Germany; Japan; Mexico, USA and Teachers in Ghana, 1997
 In the US, Germany, Japan and Mexico students participated. In Ghana teachers participated.
Survey nameNot available
 NEO-FFI to assess Extraversion and Neuroticism, followed by frequency judgements of affects to asses hedonic balance (HB was valid). Afterward, participants completed 87 items that are not relevant for the present investigation before they answered the questions about life satisfaction (but LS was invalid).
SampleProbability cluster sample
Respondents N =651
 US: 168, Germany: 56, Japan: 147, Mexico: 119, Ghana: 159
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: Using the scale below, indicate how often you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much of the time when you are awake you feel that emotion. How much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion? A fear B affection C anger D joy E sadness F guilt G contentment H pride 1 never 2 slight amount (rare) 3 some of the time 4 about half the time 5 much of the time 6 almost always 7 always Computation: (A+C+E+F)-(B+D+G+H) Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Life satisfactionH11acValuation of happiness