Findings on happiness in Diener et al. (1995a): study ZZ East-West pairs 1991

Author(s)Diener, E.; Shao, L.; Smith, H.L.; Suh, E.M.
TitleNational Differences in Reported Subjective Well-Being: Why do They Occur?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 34, 7 - 32
PublicCollege students, South Korea, Japan, USA, 1991
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Data from Miclalos global student survey (1991) Self report measures on global happiness and life satisfaction, satisfaction with specific life domains such as housing, self, family, friends, and education
Respondents N =2711
 South Korea=241 (Female=50, Male=191), Japan=1213 (F=220, M=993),USA= 1257 (F=832, M=425)
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....? 7 delightfull 6 very satisfying 5 satisfying 4 mixed 3 dissatisfying 2 very dissatisfying 1 terrible No opinion Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
RemarksJapan: M=4.09, South Korea: M=4.23, USA: M=5.28
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as....:? 1 very unhappy 2 | unhappy 3 4 an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness 5 | happy 6 7 very happy no opinion
Author's labelGlobal happiness
RemarksJapan: M=4.50, South Korea: M=4.39, USA: M=5.26
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
National differencesN10abCurrent nation of residence