Findings on happiness in Suh (1994): study ZZ East-West pairs 1989

Author(s)Suh, E.M.
TitlePsychocultural Factors of Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper presented at Midwestern Psychological Association Convention, 1994, Chicago, USA
PublicCollege students, Korea, China, and USA, 198?
 Age -Korea: mean=21.4, range=19 to 25 -China:mean=21.2, range=19 to 23 -USA: mean=26.5, range=19 to 55 N -Korea: 96 (Female: 65, Male:30) -China:59 (Female: 11, Male:48) -USA:53 (Female: 33, Male:19)
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Students who volunteered to complete questionaire during regular class hours
Respondents N =217
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport of daily mood on 24 questions 'Please indicate how much of each emotion you felt in the past month' A LOVE Aa Affection Ab love Ac caring Ab fondness B JOY Ba joy Bb happiness Bc contentment Bd pride C FEAR Ca fear Cb worry Cc anxiety Cd nervous D ANGER Da anger Db irritation Dc disgust Dd rage E SHAME Ea shame Eb guilt Ec regret Ed embarrassment F SADNES Fa sadness Fb loneliness Fc unhappiness Fd depression Answer options: 1 not at all 2 very slight 3 somewhat 4 moderate amount 5 much 6 very much 7 extremely much Options presented horizontally Computation: average A+B minus average C+D+E+F
Author's labelABS
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -6 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Ambivalence over emotional expressivenessE05acAttitudes to expressiveness
Familiarity of subjective well-being conceptH11aeConcern about happiness
Importance of HappinessH11ac03Moral desirability of happiness
NationalityN10abCurrent nation of residence
Positive emotion desirabilityE05acAttitudes to expressiveness
Positive emotion desirabilityH11ac03Moral desirability of happiness, also classified as above ↑
Social desirability of positive emotional traitsE05acAttitudes to expressiveness
Social desirability of positive emotional traitsH11ac03Moral desirability of happiness, also classified as above ↑