Findings on happiness in Vitterso et al. (2002): study ZZ World samples 1995

Publication
Author(s)Vitterso, J.; Diener, E.; Roysamb, E.
TitleThe Concept of Life Satisfaction Across Cultures: Exploring its Diverse Meaning and Relation to Economic Wealth.
SourceGullone, E.;Cummins, R.A.;Eds.: "The Universality of Subjective Wellbeing Indicators", Kluwer, 2002, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 81 - 103
Investigation
PublicCollege students, 41 countries, 1995-96
 Argentina; Australia; Austria; Bahrain; Brazil; China; Colombia; Denmark; Egypt; Estonia; Finland; Germany; Ghana; Greece; Guam; Hong Kong; Hungary; India; Indonesia; Italy; Japan; Korea; Lithuania; Nepal; Netherlands; Nigeria; Norway; Pakistan; Peru; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Singapore; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Taiwan; Thailand; Turkey; USA; Zimbabwe. Female: 60% mean age=22.4, range 16 to 69 years
 1995-1996
Survey nameNot available
 Diener's International College Student Survey
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =6949
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In most ways my life is close to ideal 1 strongly disagree 2 3 4 5 6 7 strongly agree Item in Diener's Satisfaction with life Scale (SWLS)
ClassificationO-V-u-sq-n-7-a
Author's labelSWLS-1
Page in publication8
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean4.505.83
Standard deviation0.440.73


Full textSelfreport on single question: The conditions of my life are excellent 1 strongly disagree 2 3 4 5 6 7 strongly agree Item in Diener's Satisfaction with life Scale (SWLS)
ClassificationO-SLC-u-sq-n-7-a
Author's labelSWLS-2
Page in publication8
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean4.405.67
Standard deviation0.510.85


Full textSelfreport on single question: I am satisfied with my life. 1 strongly disagree 2 disagree 3 slightly disagree 4 neither agree, nor disagree 5 slightly agree 6 agree 7 strongly agree Item in Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)
ClassificationO-SLu-u-sq-n-7-a
Author's labelSWLS-3
Page in publication8
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean4.806.33
Standard deviation0.460.77


Full textSelfreport on single question: So far, I have achieved most important things I want in my life 1 strongly disagree 2 3 4 5 6 7 strongly agree Item in Diener's Satisfaction with life Scale (SWLS)
ClassificationC-RA-h-sq-n-7-a
Author's labelSWLS-4
Page in publication8
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean4.405.67
Standard deviation0.631.05


Full textSelfreport on four questions: Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding. A In most ways my life is close to ideal B The conditions of my life are excellent C I am satisfied with my life D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life Answers rated: 7 strongly agree 6 agree 5 slightly agree 4 neither agree nor disagree 3 slightly disagree 2 disagree 1 strongly disagree Computation: A+B+C+D divided by 4 Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) (In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)
ClassificationO-Sum-u-mq-v-7-a
Author's labelSatisfaction with Life Scale
Page in publication8
RemarksMeans and standard deviations in each of separate nations are reported in the section on 'Distributional Findings in Nations' of this 'World Database of Happiness'
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean18.105.85
Standard deviation2.040.85


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
GNPNational wealthN04ab01aGnp per capita (raw)
Satisfaction with lifeL04ahHappiness inventories involving unacceptable items