Bibliographic subjects

Bibliographic Subjects » MEASUREMENT of HAPPINESS » Measurability of happiness » Comparability of happiness measurements » Comparison across populations » Comparison across nations/languages

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MEASUREMENT of HAPPINESS Measurability of happiness Comparability of happiness measurements Comparison across populations Comparison across nations/languages
Additional keywords
Comparison across nations/languages, cross-cultural comparison
Related bibliographic subjects
Related correlational subjects

Publications that report an empirical study that used a valid measure of happiness, the results of which are eligible for inclusion in the findings archive

No empirical study reported
No valid measure of happiness used
Eligible but not yet entered
Eligible and included in findings archive (embedded studies)

List of Publications on this Subject

Authors Title / Source Year Andrews, F.M. Comparative Studies of Life Quality: Comments on the Current State of the Art and some Issues for Future Research.
Szalai, A.;Andrews, F.M.,Eds.: "The Quality of Life", Sage, 1980, London, UK
Armer, J.M. Formal Education and Psychological Malaise in an African Society.
Sociology of Education, 1970, Vol. 43, 143 - 158
Davis, E.E.; Fine-Davis, M. Social Indicators of Living Conditions in Ireland with European Comparisons.
Social Indicators Research, 1991, Vol. 25, 290 - 329
Headey, B.; Wearing, A.J. Understanding Happiness: A Theory of Subjective Well-Being.
Longman Cheshire, 1992, Melbourne, Australia
Iijima, K. The Feelings of Satisfaction and Happiness of the Japanese and Other People.
Paper, Nippon Research Center, May 1982, Japan
Inglehart, R. The Silent Revolution.
Princeton University Press, 1977, Princeton, USA
Ostroot, N.; Shin, D.C.; Snyder, W.W. Quality of Life Perceptions in Two Cultures.
Social Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 113 - 138
Ostroot, N.; Snyder, W.W. Measuring Cultural Bias in a Cross-National Study.
Social Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 17, 243 - 251
Ouweneel, P.; Veenhoven, R. Cross-National Differences in Happiness: Cultural Bias or Societal Quality?
Bleichrodt, N.; Drenth, P.J.; Eds.: "Contemporary Issues in Cross Cultural Psychology, Swets & Zeitlinger, 1990/91, Lisse, Netherlands
Quereshi, M.Y. Cross-cultural Validation of the Michill Adjective Rating Scale (MARS).
Social Behavior and Personality, 1983, Vol. 11, 33 - 37
Veenhoven, R. Leefbaarheid van Landen. (Livability of Countries).
Paper Presented at Conference of the Dutch Union for Sociology and Anthropology, Autumn 1990, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Veenhoven, R. Happiness in Nations.
Studies in Socio-Cultural Transformation, nr. 2, RISBO, 1993, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands
Balatsky, G.; Diener, E. Subjective Well-Being among Russian Students.
Social Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 28, 225 - 243
Diener, E.; Diener, M. Cross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
Diener, E.; Diener, C.; Diener, M. Factors Predicting the Subjective Well-Being of Nations.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 851 - 864
Diener, E.; Shao, L.; Smith, H.L.; Suh, E.M. National Differences in Reported Subjective Well-Being: Why do They Occur?
Social Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 34, 7 - 32
Goyder, J.; McCutcheon, T.I. Francophone Life-Satisfaction and Civic Culture: A Meta-Analysis of the Canadian Case.
Social Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 34, 377 - 394
Diener, E. Subjective Well-Being in Cross-Cultural Perspective.
Grad, H. et al (Eds).: "Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Cross-Cultural Psychology", Swets & Zeitlinger, 1995, Netherlands
Melich, A. National Dissatisfaction and Distrust in Europe: The Case Switzerland.
DeMoor, R.;Ed.: "Values in Western Societies", Tilburg University Press, 1995, Tilburg, Netherlands, 83 - 89
Diener, E.; Suh, E.M. Measuring Quality of Life: Economic, Social and Subjective Indicators.
Social Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 40, 189 - 216
Russell, J.A.; Sato, K. Comparing Emotion Words Between Languages.
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1995, Vol. 26, 384 -391
Veenhoven, R. Die Lebenszufriedenheit der Burger. Ein Indikator für die 'Lebbarkeit' von Gesellschaften? ((Lifesatisfaction as an Indicator of Livability of Nations?)
Nol, H.H.;Ed.: "Sozialberichterstattung in Deutschland", Juventa, 1997, Germany, 267 - 293
Veenhoven, R. Average Level of Satisfaction in 10 European Countries: Explanation of Differences.
Saris, W.E.;et al;Eds.: "A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe", Eötvös University Press,1996, Hungary, 243 - 252
Saris, W.E.; Bunting, B.; Scherpenzeel, A.C.; Veenhoven, R. A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe.
Eötvös University Press, 1996, Budapest, Hungary
Tucker, K.L.; Boehm, J.K.; Lyubomirsky, S.; Ozer, D.J. Testing for Measurement Invariance in the Satisfaction with Life Scale: A Comparison of Russians and North Americans.
Social Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 78, 341 - 360
Diener, E.; Suh, E.M. Measuring Subjective Well-Being to Compare Quality-of-Life of Cultures.
Diener, E.; Suh, E.M.; Eds.: "Culture and Subjective Well-Being", MIT Press, 2000, Cambridge, USA, 3 - 12
Hampton, N.Z.; Marshall, A. Culture, Gender, Self-Efficacy, and Life Satisfaction: A Comparison between Americans and Chinese People with Spinal Cord Injuries.
Journal of Rehabilitation, 2000, Vol. 66, 21 - 28
Suh, E.M. Psychocultural Factors of Subjective Well-Being.
Paper presented at Midwestern Psychological Association Convention, 1994, Chicago, USA
Veenhoven, R. Vergelijken van Geluk in Landen. (Comparing Happiness across Nations).
Sociale Wetenschappen, 1998, Vol. 41, 58 - 84
Veenhoven, R. Are the Russians as Unhappy as They Say They Are? Comparability of Self-Reports Across Nations.
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2001, Vol. 2, 111 - 136
Vitterso, J.; Diener, E.; Roysamb, E. The Concept of Life Satisfaction Across Cultures: Exploring its Diverse Meaning and Relation to Economic Wealth.
Gullone, E.;Cummins, R.A.;Eds.: "The Universality of Subjective Wellbeing Indicators", Kluwer, 2002, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 81 - 103
Hirata, J. Happiness and Economics. Some Ethical Considerations.
Discussion Paper No. 99, Institute for Business Ethics, 2003, St. Gallen, Switzerland
Scollon, C.N.; Biswas-Diener, R.; Diener, E.; Oishi, S. Emotions Across Cultures and Methods.
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2004, Vol. 35, 304 - 326
Oishi, S. The Experiencing and Remembering of Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Analysis.
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2002, Vol. 28, 1398 - 1406
Layard, R. Happiness: Has Social Science a Clue?
London School of Economics, 2003, Lionel Robbins Memorial Lecture 2002/3, London, UK
Lu, L.J.; Gilmour, R. Culture, Self and Ways to Achieve SWB: A Cross-Cultural Analysis.
Journal of Psychology in Chinese Societies, 2004, Vol. 5, 51 - 79
Diener, E.; Lucas, R.E.; Oishi, S. Personality, Culture and Subjective Well-Being: Emotional and Cognitive Evaluations of Life.
Annual Revue of Psychology, 2003, Vol. 54, 403 - 425
Lau, A.L.D.; Cummins, R.A.; McPherson, W. An Investigation into the Cross-Cultural Equivalence of the Personal Well-Being Index.
Social Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 72, 403 - 430
Park, N.; Gilman, R.; Huebner, E.S.; Laughlin, J.E.; Valois, R.F. A Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Dimensions of Child and Adolescent Life Satisfaction Reports.
Social Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 66, 61 - 79
Camfield, L. Subjective Measures of Well-Being in Subjective Measures Developing Countries.
Glatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemporary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 45 - 59
Eid, M.; Diener, E. Norms for Experiencing Emotions in Different Cultures: Inter- and Intranational Differences.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2001, Vol. 81, 869 - 885
Wierzbicka, A. Happiness in Cross-Linguistic and Cross-Cultural Perspective.
Daedalus, 2004, Vol. 133, 34 - 43
Vitterso, J.; Biswas-Diener, R.; Diener, E. The Divergent Meanings of Life Satisfaction; Item Response Modeling of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in Greenland and Norway.
Social Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 327 - 348
Diener, E. Guidelines for National Indicators of Subjective Well-Being and Ill-Being.
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 397 - 404
Manabe, K Cross-National Comparison of the Structure of Well-Being: Examination based on Data from the World Values Survey.
School of Sociology Journal, 2005, No.98, 17 - 33
Manabe, K The Culture of Happiness and Satisfaction in Asia: Data Analysis of the AsiaBarometer Survey.
Social Sciences Review, 2005, Vol. 10, 1 - 9
Manabe, K The Culture of Happiness and Satisfaction in Asia.
Inoguchi, T;, Eds.: "Human Beliefs and Values in Striding Asia", Akashi Shoten, 2006, Tokyo, Japan, 1 - 16, 295 - 310
Blanchflower, D.G. International Evidence on Well-Being.
IZA Discussion Paper No. 3354, Institute of the Study of Labor, 2008, Bonn, Germany
Lucas, R.E.; Diener, E. Can We Learn about National Differences in Happiness from Individual Responses? A Multilevel Approach.
VandeVijver, F.J.;et al;Eds.: ''Multilevel Analysis of Individuals and Cultures'', Lawrence Erlbaum, 2008, New York, USA, 223 - 248
Scollon, C.N.; Caldwell, A.E.; Howard, A.H.; Ito, S. The Role of Ideal Affect in the Experience and Memory of Emotions.
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 257 -2 69
Diener, E.; Oishi, S. Are Scandinavians Happier than Asians? Issues in comparing Nations on Subjective Well-Being.
Columbus, F.; Ed.: "Asian Economic and Political Issues", 2004, Vol. 10, 1 - 25
Veenhoven, R. Comparability of Happiness across Nations.
School of Sociology and Social Work Journal no.104, Kwansei Gakuin University, 2008, Kobe, Japan.
Bolle, F.; Kemp, S. Can we Compare Life Satisfaction between Nationalities? Evaluating Actual and Imagined Situations.
Social Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 90, 397 - 408
Helliwell, J.F. Life Satisfaction and Quality of Development.
NBER Working Paper no. 14507, 2008, Cambridge, USA
Bjornskov, C. How Comparable are the Gallup World Poll Life Satisfaction Data?
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2010, Vol.11, 41- 60
Veenhoven, R. Cross-National Differences in Happiness: Cultural Measurement Bias or Effect of Culture?
International Journal of Wellbeing, 2012, Vol. 2, 333 - 353
Helliwell, J.F.; Wang, S. The State of World Happiness.
Helliwell et al. World Happiness Report', Earth Institute, Columbia University, 2012, New York, USA, Chapter 2
Tay, L.; Diener, E.; Drasgow, F. Multilevel Mixed-Measurement IRT Analysis: An Explication to Self-Reported Emotions across the World.
Organizational Research Methods, 2011, Vol. 14, 177 - 207
Samman, E. Psychological and subjective Well-being: a Proposal for internationally comparable Indicators.
Oxford Development Studies, 2007, Vol. 35, 459 - 486
Angelini, V.; Cavapozzi, D.; Paccagnella, O. Do Danes and Italians rate Life Satisfaction in the Same Way? Using Vignettes to Correct for Individual-Specific Scale Biases.
Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 2014,Vol. 76, 643 - 666
Coulmas, F. The Quest for Happiness in Japan.
Working Paper 09/1, 2008, German Institute for Japanese Studies, Germany
Oishi, S. The Concept of Life Satisfaction across Cultures: An IRT Analysis.
Journal of Research in Personality, 2006, Vol. 40, 411 -423
Fischer, J.A. Subjective Well-Being as Welfare Measure: Concepts and Methodology.
MPRA Paper no 16619, 2009, München, Germany
Oishi, S.; Diener, E.; Schimmack, U. The value-congruence Model of Memory for emotional Experiences: an Explanation for cultural Differences in emotional Self-reports.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2007, Vol. 93, 897 - 905
Oishi, S.; Roth, D.P. The Role of Self-reports in culture and personality Research: it is too early to give us Self-reports.
Journal of Research in Personality, 2009, Vol. 43, 107 - 109
Thompson, E.R. Development and Validation of an Internationally Reliable Short-Form of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS).
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2007, Vol. 38, 227 - 242
Trockman, C.T.; Kadohiro, J.K.; Murdaugh, C. Adapting Instruments for Caregiver Research in Elderly Japanese American Women.
Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 1997, Vol. 12, 109 - 120
Tov, W.; Au, E., W., M. Comparing Well-Being Across Nations: Conceptual and Empirical Issues.
David, S. A.; Boniwell, I.; Ayers, A. C.; Eds: "The Oxford Handbook of Happiness", Oxford University Press, 2013, Oxford, UK, 17 - 34
MacIntosh, R. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Affect Balance Scale in 38 Nations: A Research Note.
Social Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 83 - 95
Gilman, R.; Huebner, E.S.; Park, N.; Tian, L. Cross-National Adolescent Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Reports: Analyses of Mean Scores and Response Style Differences.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2008, Vol. 37, 142 - 154
Singelis, T.M.; Barrio, C.; Yamada, A.M. Metric Equivalence of the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale, the Satisfaction With Life Scale, and the Self-Construal Scale, Across Spanish and English Language Versions.
Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2006, Vol. 28, 231 - 244
Mathews, G. Happiness, Culture and Context.
International Journal of Wellbeing, 2012, Vol. 2, 299 - 312
Lora, E Beyond Facts: Understanding Quality of Life. Chapter 2: The personality of Quality of Life Perceptions.
IDB, Book, 2008, Chapter 2, 15 - 39
Casas, F. Analysing the Comparability of 3 Multi-Item Subjective Well-Being Psychometric Scales Among 15 Countries Using Samples of 10 and 12-Year-Olds.
Child Indicators Research, 2016, Published Online, 1 - 34
Moller, V.; Roberts, B.; Zani, D. The Personal Wellbeing Index in the South African IsiXhosa Translation: A Qualitative Focus Group Study.
Social Indicators Research, 2015, Volume 124, 835 - 862
Jorm, A.F.; Ryan, S. Cross-national and Historical Differences in Subjective Well-Being.
International Journal of Epidemiology, 2014, Vol.43, 330 - 340
Kim, H.; Schimmack, U. The Role of Positive Self-Evaluation on Cross-Cultural Difference in Well-Being.
Cross-Cultural Research, 2015, 1 - 15,
Sheldon, K.M.; Lyubomirsky, S.; Osin, E.N. Russians Inhibit the Expression of Happiness to Strangers: Testing a Display Rule Model
Journal of Cross-Psychology, 2017, Vol. 48, 718-733
Baier, D,; Boehnke, K. Subjektives Wohlbefinden im Kulturvergleich. Subjective Well-being Across Cultures.
Anwendungsfelder der kulturvergeleichenden Psychologie, 2007, Chapter 9, 464 - 489
Kim, H. Cultural Differences in Self- and other Evaluations Well-Being: A Study of European and Asian Canadians.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2012, 1 - 18
Lolle, H.L.; Andersen, H. Measuring Happiness and Overall Life Satisfaction: A Danish Survey Experiment on the Impact of Language and Translation Problems.
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2016, Vol. 17, 1337 - 1350
Schnettler, B.; Lobos, G.; Miranda-Zapata, E. Measurement Invariance in the Satisfaction with Life Scale in Chilean and Ecuadorian Older Adults
Personality and Individual Differences, 2017, Vol. 110, 96 - 101
Caballo, C.; Crespo, M.; Jenaro, C. Factor Structure of the Schalock and Keith Quality of Life Questionnaire (QOL-Q): Validation on Mexican and Spanish Samples.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2005, Vol. 49, 773-776
Sachs, J. Validation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in a Sample of Hong Kong University Students.
Psychologia, 2003, Vol. 46, 225 - 234
Zemojtel-Piotrowska, M.; Cieciuch, J.; Piotrowski, J. Measurement Invariance of Personal Well-Being Index (PWI-8) Across 26 Countries
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2017, Vol. 18, 1697 - 1711
Bieda, A.; Hirschfeld, G.; Schönfeld, P. Universal Happiness? Cross-cultural Measurement Invariance of Scales Assessing Positive Mental Health.
Psychological Assessment, 2017, Vol 29, 408-421
Eckersley, R. Subjective Wellbeing: Telling Only Half the Story. A Commentary on Diener et al. (2012). Theory and Validity of Life Satisfaction Scales.
Social lndicators Research, 2013, Vol. 112, 529 - 534
Rojas-Gualdron, D.F. Inter-Regional Metric Disadvantages When Comparing Country Happiness on a Global Scale. A Rasch-Based Consequential Validity Analysis.
International Journal of Psychological Research, 2017, Vol. 10, 26 - 33
Mellor, K.S.; Caballero, F.F. Measurement Invariance of the Day Reconstruction Method: Results from the COURAGE in Europe Project.
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2016, Vol. 17, 1769 - 1787
Krohne, H.W.; Egloff, B.; Kohlmann, C.W.; Tausch, A.M. Untersuchungen mit einer deutschen Version der ''Positive and Negative Affect Schedule'' (PANAS). (Research with a German Version of ''Positive and Negative Affect Schedule'' (PANAS).
Diagnostica, 1996, Vol. 42, 139 - 156
Thin, N. Qualitive Approaches to Culture and Well-being
E. Diener, S. Oishi, & L. Tay (Eds.), "Handbook of well-being", 2018, DEF Publishers, Salt Lake City, United States of America, 1-20
Tov, W.; Diener, E. Culture and Subjective Well-Being
E. Diener (ed.), "Culture and Well-Being: The Collected Works of Ed Diener", 2007, Springer Science+Business Media B.V., Dordrecht, Netherlands
Joshanloo, M. The Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance of Positive and Negative Affect: A Study in Iran and the USA
European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 2016, Vol. 32, 265-272
Nonnenmacher, A.; Friedrichs, J. The Missing Link: Deficits of Country-Level Studies. A Review of 22 Articles Explaining Life Satisfaction.
Social Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 110, 1221 - 1244
Ponizovsky, Y.; Dimitrova, R.; Schachner, M.K. The Satisfaction With Life Scale: Measurement Invariance across Immigrant Groups
European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2013, Vol. 10, 526 - 532
Tomyn, A.; Cummins, R.A.; Stokes, M.A. A Rasch Analysis of the Personal Well-Being Index in School Children
Evaluation & the Health Professions, 2019, 1 - 22
Lee, D.J.; Sirgy, M.J.; Yu, G.B. Culture and Well-Being: A Research Agenda Designed to Improve Cross-Cultural Research Involving the Life Satisfaction Construct
Brulé, G. and Maggino, F. (Eds.):"Metrics of Subjective Well-Being: Limits and Improvements" 2017, Springer International Publishing AG, Cham, Switzerland
Guntuku, S.C.; Li, M.; Tay, L. Studying Cultural Differences in Emoji Usage across the East and the West
Conference Paper, 2019, The 13th International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media (ICWSM-2019), Munich, Germany
Levisen, C. The story of "Danish Happiness". Global Discourse and Local Semantics
International Journal of Language and Culture, 2015, Vol. 1, 174 - 193
Rappleye, J.; Komatsu, H.; Uchida, Y. ‘Better Policies for Better Lives’?: Constructive Critique of the OECD’s (mis)Measure of Student Well-being
Journal of Education Policy, 2019, 1 - 25
Eurofound, Life and Society in the EU Candidate Countries
Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union
Brulé, G Petites mythodologies du bonheur Francais. (Minor mythodologies of French happiness)
Dunod, 2020, Paris, France
Emerson, S.D.; Gadermann, A.M.; Guhn, M. Measurement Invariance of the Satisfaction with Life Scale: Reviewing Three Decades of Research
Quality of Life Research, 2017, Vol. 26, 2251 - 2264
Jang, S.; Cao, C.; Kim, E.S. Measurement Invariance of the Satisfaction With Life Scale Across 26 Countries
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2017, Vol. 48, 560 - 576
Sirgy, M.J.; Estes, R.J.; Selian, A.N. How We Measure Well-Being: The Data Behind the History of Well-Being
R.J. Estes, M.J. Sirgy (eds.), The Pursuit of Human Well-Being, International Handbooks of Quality-of-Life, 2017, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Chapter 6
Dogan, T.; Akinci Cotok, N. Adaptation of the Short Form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire into Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study
Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergis, 2011, Vol. 4, 165 - 172
Extremera, N.; Fernandez-Berrocal, P. The Subjective Happiness Scale: Translation and Preliminary Psychometric Evaluation of a Spanish Version
Social Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 119, 473-481
Farage, M.A.; Chen, J.; Rodenberg, C. Translation and Validation of the Farage Quality Life (FQoLTM) Instrument for Consumer Products into Traditional Chinese
Global Journal of Health Science, 2013, Vol. 5, 1-12
Babinčák, P. Subjective Happiness in Slovakia. Reliability and Validity of Measuring Happiness through the Subjective Happiness Scale
European Journal of Mental Health, 2018, Vol. 13, 111 - 132
Alipour, A.; Heris, M.A. Reliability and Validity of the Oxford Happiness Inventory among Iranians
Journal of Iranian Psychologists, 2007,
Jovanovic, V.; Joshanloo, M.; Martin-Carbonel, M. Measurement Invariance of the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience Across 13 Countries
SAGE Open, 2021, 1 -15
Ayuso-Mateos, J.L.; Caballero, F.F.; Miret, M.; Olaya, B. Multi-Country Evaluation of Affective Experience: Validation of an Abbreviated Version of the Day Reconstruction Method in Seven Countries
Plos One, 2013, Vol. 8, 1-8
Stevens, M.J.; Constantinescu, P.M.; Lambru, I. Romanian Adaptation of the Satisfaction With Life Scale
Journal of Psychological and Educational Research, 2012, 17-33
Chien, C.L.; Chen, P.L.; Chu, P.J. The Chinese Version of the Subjective Happiness Scale: Validation and Convergence with Multidimensional Measures
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2020, Vol. 38, 222 - 235
Arrindell, W.A.; Checa, I.; Chen, I; Espejo, B. Measurement Invariance and Construct Validity of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) in Community Volunteers in Vietnam
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2022, Vol. 19, 1- 16
Westaway, M.S.; Maluka, C.S. Are Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem Distinct Constructs? A Black South African Perspective
Psychological Reports, 2005,Vol. 97, 567 - 575
Casas, F.; Fernández-Artamendi, S.; Montserrat, C. El Bienestar Subjetivo en la Adolescencia: Estudio Comparativo de dos Comunidades Autónomas en España (Subjective Well-Being in Adolescence: Comparative Study of two Autonomous Communities in Spain)
Anales de Psicología, 2013, vol. 29, 148-158
Pollmann-Schult, M. Single Motherhood and Life Satisfaction in Comparative Perspective: Do Institutional and Cultural Contexts Explain the Life Satisfaction Penalty for Single Mothers?
Journal of Family Issues Vol.39(7) 2061– 2084