Classification of questions on happiness

Substantive Meaning Focus The kind of happiness addressed.
Time-frame The period considered
Method of assessment Mode The technique by which happiness is assessed
Scale-type How the observation is scored
Scale-range Number of degrees of happiness distinguished
Sub-variant Wording Variation in phrasing of otherwise equivalent questions


'Taken all together, how would you say things are these days?   Would you say that you are....?'
-     very happy
-     pretty happy
-     not too happy

This question is classified as follows:O-HL/c/sq/v/3/aa

Focus Overall: Happy life O-HL
Timeframe Currently c
Mode Self report on single question sq
Scale type Verbal rating scale v
Scale range 3 step rating scale 3
Sub-variant Wording aa


Focus on Overall appraisal of Life
Keyword Happiness
O-HL Overall: Happiness in Life
O-HP Overall: Happy Person
O-H? Overall: Happiness: item not reported
O-H* Overall: Happiness various items
Keyword life-satisfaction
O-SLu Overall: Satisfaction with life (unspecified)
O-SLC Overall: Satisfaction with Life-Course
O-SLL Overall: Satisfaction with Life one Lives
O-SLS Overall: Satisfaction with Life-Situatuation
O-SLW Overall: Satisfaction with Life as a Whole
O-SP Overall: Satisfied Person
O-SQL Overall: Satision with Quality of Life
O-SLP Overall: Satisfaction with Personal Life
O-SL? Overall: Satisfaction With Life: item not reported
O-SL* Overall: Satisfaction with Life: mixed items
Further keywords
O-DT Overall: Delighted vs Terrible life
O-EL Overall: Enjoyment of Life
O-GBB Overall: Good-Bad Balance
O-LWL Overall: Life Worth Living
O-QLS Overal: Quality of Life Situation
O-QL? Overall: Quality of Life, item not repored
Sum Scores
O-Sum Overall: Summed overall appraisals of life

Focus on Hedonic level of Affect
Computed Average
A-ARE Affect: Average Repeated Overall Estimate
A-ASA Affect: Average of Specific Affects
A-AOL Affect: Average Overall Level
Computed Affect Balance (positive minus negative affects)
A-BB Affect: Balance (Bradburn's 10 item index
A-BBr Affect: Balance (Brenner's index)
A-BC Affect: Balance (Cohen's index)
A-BD1 Affect: Balance (Diener's 8 item index)
A-BD2 Affect: Balance (Diener's ABS)
A-BD3 Affect Balance (Diener's 24 item index)
A-BH Affect: Balance (Huelsman)
A-BK Affect: Balance (Kamman's index)
A-BL Affect: Balance (Lichter's index)
A-Bly Affect: Balance (Lyubomirski)
A-BMc Affect: Balance: McGreal 'Depression-Happiness'
A-BM Affect Balance (McNear's POMS)
A-BMr Affect: Balance (Mrozek)
A-BS Affect: Balance (Schultz's index)
A-BW Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS)
A-AB Affect Affect Balance (various indexes)
Further Items
A-TH Affect: Time Happy
A-CP Affect: Cheerful Person
A-CA Affect: Cheerful Appearance
A-? Affect: item not reported
A-* Affect: various items
A-Sum Affect: Summed appraisals

Focus on Contentment
Overall self estimate
C-BW Contentment: Best-Worst possible life
C-RA Contentment: Realization of Aspirations
C-RG Contentment: Realization of Goals
C-A Contentment: Accomplishments in life
C-W Contentment: getting things Wanted
Computed average
C-ASG Contentment: Average Success in Goals
C-P Contentment: Person
Various items
C-? Contentment: item not reported
C-Sum Contentment: Summed appraisals

Mixed focus
Ambiguous items
M-TH Mixed: Time Happy
M-PL Mixed: Pleasure in Life
M-FH Mixed: Feel Happy
M-LS Mixed: Life Succes
Mixed multiple items
M-AO Mixed: Affect + Overall
M-AC Mixed: Affect + Contentment
M-CO Mixed: Contentment + Overall
M-ACO Mixed: Affect + Contentment + Overall



c currently (today, these days, presently)
cm last month, last few weeks
cw last week
cq last quarter
cy last year
m momentary (now)
mi last instant
mh last hour
mp last part of day
md last day
g generally
Lately (past and future happiness not included)
se since event
h hitherto
ly last years
u time unspecified
* various time frames
? time frame not reported


CLASSIFICATION OF OBSERVATION: Method by which appraisal is estimated

Observation by self reports

Single closed question
sq 1 question
sqr 1 question, repeated
sqt 1 question, asked twice
Multiple closed questions
mq multiple questions
mqr multiple questions, repeated (number not reported)
Open questioning
oq open questioning
pq projective questioning
fi focussed interview
Content-analysis of ego-documents
cd content analysis of dairies
cr life review


Observation by others (only Hedonic level of Affect)

Ratings based on clinical contact
rc rating by clinican
Ratings based on daily contact
rdf rating by family
rdn rating by nurses
rdp rating by peers
rdt rating by teachers
rdv rating by various
Ratings based on systematic observation
ri rating by interviewer (of happy appearance)
tsb time sampling of happy behaviors


CLASSIFICATION OF RATING SCALES: How observations are scored

Verbal scale
v verbal scale
vt Various verbal scales transformed to range 1-3
Numerical scales
n numerical scale
nt various numerical scale transformed to range 0-10
Graphical scales
f faces scale
l ladder scale
m mountain scale
ol open line scale
c circles scale
lg life-graph
t transformed from one scale to another
ro rank-order of subjects
v* various verbal scales combined
X not classified
th% Time happy percent
* Various rating scales combined
? scale not reported



If a combination of the above characteristics is unique, the code gets an extension a. If there are more queries of the same kind that differ only in wording, these variant are indicated with further letter extensions, following the alphabet.  If a query-code has an extension 'd', that means that there are at least four variants of that item in the catalog.