Happiness measure, code: A-AB-g-mq-v-5-e

Selfreport on 10 questions

To whatextend do you generally feel
a inspired
b alert
c exited
d enthusiastic
e determined
f afraid
g upset
h nervous
i scared
j disstrssed

Rated 1-5, labels not reported

Computation: ((a+b+c+d+e )/5 - (f+g+h+i+j)/5

(MacKinnon short version of PANAS)
Focus, A-AB Affect Affect Balance (various)
Time frame, g generally
Mode, mq multiple questions
Scale type, v verbal scale Range = 5
Used in studies