Correlational finding on Happiness and Development of anomy
Subject code: A06aa

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Respondents N =296

Author's labelDissatisfaction with society
Page in Source 350
Our classificationDevelopment of anomy, code A06aa
5-item additive index concerning dissatisfaction with 
1. There are so many different opinions
   about good and evil that one 
   becomes confused about it.
2. The problem of our world is that
   most people don't believe in
3. As things are to day, it is
   irreponsable to bring children into
   this world.
4. If it realily matters few people
   care about one.
5. What we are lacking in this world is
   life-long friendship.
Rated on a 4-point scale.
Assessed at T2(1976) and T3(1977).

Observed Relation with Happiness
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.22 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 dissatisfaction.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.18 p < .01
T3 happiness by T2 dissatisfaction.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.22 p < .01
T2 happiness by T3 dissatisfaction.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.29 p < .01
T3 happiness by T3 dissatisfaction.

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (shortened variant)

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.