Correlational finding on Happiness and Level of school-education
Subject code: E01ab02

StudyStapel (1987): study NL 1987
TitleKundigheid en Geluk. (Abilities end Happiness)
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1987, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1987
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =825

Correlate
Author's labelEducation
Page in Source 7
Our classificationLevel of school-education, code E01ab02
Operationalization
School or study finished at age
1 14 or younger 
2 15 
3 16 
4 17 
5 18-21 
6 22+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.18 p < .01
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.18 p < .01
Almost linear: those who left school at age 14 are 
least happy and those at age 18-21 happiest. Ss 
who finished education after age 22 are slightly 
less happy than those finished at age 18-21.


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel.....?
3 happy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl